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Music

Director: Dr. Bart Shanklin
Office: Browne Hall 122
Telephone: (309) 298-1544; Fax: (309) 298-1968
Website: wiu.edu/music

Faculty: Bean, Blankenship, Briney, Brown, Caldwell, Cangro, Chasteen, Cooper, Ericson, Fansler, Faust, Ginsberg, Hand, Hardeman, Huff, Hughes, Hughey, Jones, Karn, Kurasz, Lapka, Locke, McMurtery, Megginson, Mihai, Miller, Mindeman, Molina, Nichols, Paccione, Romig, Shanklin, Solomonson, Stegall, Stryker, Szabo, Thomas, Thompson, Turner, Vana, Walker, Warnock.

The School of Music has been an accredited member of the National Association of Schools of Music since 1961 and offers a Bachelor of Music degree with options in Applied Music (performance, jazz, composition), Music Business, Music Therapy, and Teacher Education and a Bachelor of Arts degree in Music. Students may elect study in keyboard, voice, winds, strings, and percussion as well as specialized study in jazz, and composition. Certification as a music therapist is available through the Certification Board for Music Therapists (CBMT).

All majors and minors (except Music Business minor) must pass entrance performance auditions. Periodic reviews of student progress include a performance jury examination each semester, the undergraduate mid-career assessment, and recitals. An assessment exam must be taken by transfer students before registration for music courses at the 300 level.

The Teacher Education option prepares students to teach music in the public schools. All music education students must appear before the Student Teaching Committee of the School of Music for evaluation of competencies and skills prior to student teaching. Final approval for student teaching is granted only by this committee. Students may obtain Illinois K–12 licensure in Music by completing degree requirements and state licensure tests.

The Bachelor of Arts in Music, with a minor in another field, provides an opportunity to study music in a less intensive mode for those students seeking a liberal arts background. This also allows students in pre-professional programs such as pre-law to complete a major in music, meeting professional school entrance requirements through the minor and other guided electives. The School of Music offers minors in liberal arts, music business, and jazz studies.

GradTrac is available to Bachelor of Music-Applied Music and B.A.-Music majors. See more information about GradTrac.

Honors Curriculum—Academically qualified students in this school are welcome to complete an honors curriculum in University Honors, Upper Division Honors, or Lower Division Honors. All Honors students must complete the one-hour honors colloquium (G H 299). Lower Division Honors includes General Honors coursework. Upper Division Honors includes honors work in the major. University Honors combines Upper and Lower Division Honors. For more information about honors curricula see the Centennial Honors College page of the catalog or visit the Centennial Honors College website at wiu.edu/Honors.

Degree Programs

Bachelor of Music

All students seeking the Bachelor of Music degree must complete I and II, plus III.A., III.B., III.C., or III.D. below, and the foreign language/global issues requirement for the major#. The minimum semester hour requirement for the baccalaureate degree is 120 s.h.

In accordance with the Illinois State Board of Education licensure rules, all candidates seeking teacher licensure are required by Western Illinois University to obtain a grade of “C” or better in all directed general education courses, all core courses, and all courses in the option. Note C- is below a C.

  1. University General Education Curriculum Requirements: 43 s.h.
    Option D, Teacher Education, should include a General Education mathematics course
  2. Core Courses: 34 s.h.
    1. MUS 165, 166, 181, 182, 183, 184, 281, 282, 283, 284, 330, 390†, 391† (25 s.h.).>
    2. 12 s.h. applied study of one principal performance medium over six semesters.
    3. Seven semesters of MUS 100 with a satisfactory grade (S).
  3. Options of Study (select A, B, C, or D)
    1. Applied Music (Comprehensive)
      1. Special Courses: 14 s.h.
        MUS 265 and 266 or MUS 365; MUS 381, 481 or 485, 482, 491
      2. Music Ensembles: 8 s.h.
        Students must register each semester for credit and successfully complete the ensembles specified below under a, b, c, d, or e until the 8 s.h. ensemble requirement is met. Students must participate on their principal instrument for the number of hours specified below unless indicated otherwise by ensemble director. No more than one ensemble per semester can be used to satisfy the ensemble requirement.
      3. Music Electives**: 20–21 s.h.
        Choose a, b, c, d, or e as approved by adviser.
        1. Instrumental Performance
          1. Additional principal applied study, to include minimum of four semesters at junior/senior level at 4 s.h. per semester, including one-half junior and full senior recital.
          2. Ensembles:
            1. Winds/Percussion:8 s.h. total, minimum of 6 s.h. in MUS 101, 113, or 114.
            2. Trumpet, Trombone, and Saxophone principals may satisfy 2 s.h. out of the total 8 s.h. required by registering for MUS 117.
            3. Strings: 8 s.h. in MUS 101 and 102.
            4. Organ: 8 s.h. total, 6 minimum in MUS 101, 105, 106, 113, 114, or 117.
            5. Guitar: 4 s.h. in MUS 101, 105, 106, 113, 114, or 117; 4 s.h. in MUS 128 or 127.
          3. MUS 332 for Winds/Percussion, or MUS 461 (2 s.h.) for Strings, and 483, plus other music electives to total 20 s.h.
        2. Piano Performance
          1. Additional principal study to include minimum of four semesters at junior/ senior level at 4 s.h. per semester, including one-half junior and full senior recital.
          2. Ensembles: 4 s.h. of MUS 101, 105, 106, 113, 114, 116, or 117; 2 s.h. of MUS 125; 2 s.h. of MUS 127 or 129.
          3. MUS 465, 466, 495, 496.
        3. Vocal Performance
          1. Additional principal applied study, to include minimum of four semesters at junior/senior level at 4 s.h. per semester, including one-half junior and full senior recital.
          2. Ensembles: 8 s.h. total, minimum of 6 s.h. in MUS 105 or 106; by advisor approval, 1–2 s.h. out of the total 8 s.h. required may be satisfied by performing major operatic roles in MUS 109.
          3. MUS 262, 263, 499, plus other music electives to total 20 s.h.
        4. Jazz Studies
          1. Additional Applied Study 2 sem. 2 s.h./sem., including One-half Junior and Full Senior Recital
          2. Ensembles: 6 s.h. in MUS 117; 2 s.h. in MUS 101, 113, 114, or 116.
          3. MUS 167, 187, 267, 337, 367, 387, 397, 487, 497
        5. Composition
          1. 4 s.h. of applied study in principal performance medium.
          2. Ensembles: 8 s.h. total, minimum of 4 s.h. in MUS 101, 105, 106, 113, 114, or 117.
          3. MUS 411 (8 s.h.), MUS 215 (2 s.h.), 481, 483, 485
      4. Electives: 8–9 s.h.
        Students electing groupings a.–e. in #2 above may select music or other electives. Students selecting 2.a. must include MUS 492 (strings) or 1 s.h. of MUS 490 (winds/percussion). Students electing grouping 2.b. above must select 3 s.h. each of MUS 125 and 129 and 1 s.h. of MUS 167 plus other electives of the student’s choice. Students electing grouping 2.c. above must select 4 s.h. each of French and German. Students electing grouping 2.d. above must complete MUS 195* or 394*; and 5 s.h. from the following: MUS 141, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 348, 441, 481, 485. The student’s course selections for Electives must include (but are not limited to) courses from English (literature course), history, religion and philosophy, art, and foreign languages.
    2. Music Business
      1. Special Courses: 15 s.h.
        MUS 141, 195, 341, 248 or 485, 442, 441
      2. Ensembles: 8 s.h.
        Students must register each semester for credit and successfully complete the ensembles specified below until the 8 s.h. ensemble requirement is met. No more than one ensemble per semester can be used to satisfy the ensemble requirement. Students must participate on their principal instrument for the number of hours specified below unless indicated otherwise by ensemble director.
        1. Winds/Percussion: 6 s.h. minimum in MUS 101, 113, 114, 116, 117.
        2. Strings: 6 s.h., minimum MUS 101 or 102.
        3. Organ: 6 s.h. minimum in MUS 101, 105, 106, 113, 114, 116, or 117.
        4. Piano: 4 s.h. in MUS 101, 105, 106, 113, 114, 116, or 117; 2 s.h. in MUS 125; 2 s.h. in MUS 127 or 129.
        5. Voice: 4 s.h.minimum in MUS 105 or 106; 2 s.h. minimum in MUS 105, 106, 107, 108, or 109.
        6. Guitar: 4 s.h. in MUS 101, 105, 106, 113, 114, or 117; 4 s.h. in MUS 127 or 128.
      3. Other Requirements: 21 s.h.
        ACCT 200; BCOM 320; CS 102; ECON 231*; MGT 349; MKTG 327; PSY 100*
      4. Directed Electives in a grouping approved by adviser to total 16 s.h. (7 s.h. of which must be in music): 16 s.h.
        HRM 353, 441, 442, 443, 444, 446, 449
        MGT 350, 425, 445, 447, 448, 474, 481, 483, 485
        MKTG 317, 331, 333, 335, 343, 371, 411, 417, 431, 432, 441
        MUS 241, 342, 343, 344, 345, 348, 485
    3. Music Therapy
      1. Special Courses: 34 s.h.
        MUS 138, 151, 157, 232, 254, 255, 258 (2 s.h.), 261, 355, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 457 (4 s.h.), 458 (3 s.h.)
      2. Ensembles: 8 s.h.
        Students must register each semester for credit and successfully complete the ensembles specified below until the 8 s.h. ensemble requirement is met. No more than one ensemble per semester can be used to satisfy the ensemble requirement. At least 1 s.h. of the total number of ensemble hours must be fulfilled by singing in MUS 105, 106, 107, or 108. After the principal instrument and singing requirements have been met, students may choose any university catalog ensemble to complete the total 8 s.h.
        1. Winds/Percussion: 6 s.h. minimum in MUS 101, 113, 114, 116, 117.
        2. Strings: 6 s.h. minimum in MUS 101 or 102.
        3. Organ: 6 s.h. minimum in MUS 101, 105, 106, 113, 114, 116, or 117.
        4. Piano: 4 s.h. in MUS 101, 105, 106, 113, 114, 116, or 117; 2 s.h. in MUS 125, 127, or 129.
        5. Voice: 4 s.h. minimum in MUS 105 or 106; 2 s.h. minimum in MUS 105, 106, 107, 108, or 109.
        6. Guitar: 4 s.h. MUS 101, 105, 106, 113, 114, 116, or 117; 4 s.h. in MUS 127 or 128.
      3. Other requirements of certifying music therapy association: 19 s.h.
        BIOL 100* or 101*; KIN 290; PSY 100*, 424; PSY 425 or SPED 310; SOC 100*
    4. Music-Teacher Education
      1. Special Courses: 10 s.h.
        MUS 130, 300, 333, 334, 394*
      2. Music Ensembles: 8 s.h.
        Students must register each semester for credit and successfully complete the ensembles specified below under 3.1. or 3.b., until the 8 s.h. ensemble requirement is met. No more than one ensemble per semester can be used to satisfy the ensemble requirement. Students must participate on their principal instrument for the number of hours specified below unless indicated otherwise by ensemble director.
      3. Directed Electives: 19–22 s.h.
        Choose a. or b., as approved by adviser.
        1. Instrumental/General
          1. Choose 7 s.h*** from MUS 132 or 461, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 231
          2. Choose one course from MUS 195*, 232, 337, 397
          3. MUS 332, 336, 395, 461 or 430
          4. Ensembles:
            1. Wind/Percussion: 8 s.h. total, minimum of 6 s.h. in MUS 101, 113, 114, or 117 (maximum 3 s.h. in MUS 117); minimum of 1 s.h. in MUS 116; minimum of 1 s.h. in MUS 105, 106, 107, or 108.
            2. Piano: 8 s.h. total, minimum of 3 s.h. in MUS 101, 113, 114, or 117; minimum of 1 s.h. in MUS 116; minimum of 1 s.h. in MUS 105, 106, 107, or 108; minimum of 3 s.h. in MUS 125, 127, or 129.
            3. Organ: 8 s.h. total, minimum of 4 s.h. in MUS 101, 113, 114, or 117; minimum of 1 s.h. in MUS 116; minimum of 1 s.h. in MUS 105, 106, 107, or 108; minimum of 2 s.h. in MUS 463.
            4. Guitar: 8 s.h. total, minimum of 3 s.h. in MUS 101, 113, 114, or 117; minimum of 1 s.h. in MUS 116; minimum of 1 s.h. in MUS 105, 106, 107, or 108; minimum of 3 s.h. in MUS 127 or 128.
            5. Strings: 8 s.h. total, minimum of 7 s.h. in MUS 101 or 102; minimum of 1 s.h. in MUS 105, 106, 107, or 108.
        2. Choral/General
          1. MUS 132; 133 or 134; 135 or 136; 137; 231; 232; 262; 263; 265; 266; 331; 335; 396
          2. Choose one course from MUS 195*, 397; THEA 497
          3. Ensembles:
            1. Voice: 8 s.h. total, minimum of 6 s.h. in MUS 105 or 106; minimum of 1 s.h. in MUS 107, 108, and 109.
            2. Piano: 8 s.h. total, minimum of 6 s.h. in MUS 105 or 106; 2 s.h. in MUS 125, 127, or 129.
            3. Organ: 8 s.h. total, minimum of 6 s.h. in MUS 105 or 106; 2 s.h. in MUS 463.
            4. Guitar: 8 s.h. total, minimum of 6 s.h. in MUS 105 or 106; 2 s.h. in MUS 127 or 128.
      4. Professional Education: 31 s.h.
        EDUC 439; EIS 201, 301, 302, 303, 401; STCH 480, 481

#The foreign language/global issues graduation requirement may be fulfilled by successfully completing one of the following: 1) an intermediate foreign language requirement; 2) a General Education global issues course; 3) any major’s discipline-specific global issues course; or 4) an approved study abroad program.

*Specific requirements from the University General Education Curriculum.

**Must include MUS 262, 263 for voice principals.

***The tech course that includes the student’s principal instrument does not count towards the required 7 s.h.

†MUS 390 and MUS 391 fulfill the Writing Instruction in the Discipline (WID) graduation requirement.

Bachelor of Arts—Music

All students seeking the Bachelor of Arts in Music must complete I, II, III, IV, and V below, and the foreign language/global issues requirement for the major#. The minimum semester hour requirement for the baccalaureate degree is 120 s.h.

  1. University General Education Curriculum Requirements: 43 s.h.
  2. Core Courses: 44 s.h.
    1. MUS 165, 166, 181, 182, 183, 184, 190, 281, 282, 283, 284, 330, 390†, 391† (25 s.h.).
    2. 12 s.h. applied study of one principal performance medium over six semesters.
    3. Seven semesters of MUS 100 with a satisfactory grade (S).
    4. Ensembles (7 s.h.). Students must register each semester for credit and successfully complete the ensembles specified below until the 7 s.h. ensemble requirement is met. No more than one ensemble per semester can be used to satisfy the ensemble requirement. Students must participate on their principal instrument for the number of hours specified below unless indicated otherwise by ensemble.
      1. Winds/Percussion: 6 s.h. minimum on principal instrument in MUS 101, 113, 114, 116, 117
      2. Strings: 6 s.h. minimum on principal instrument in MUS 101 or 102
      3. Organ: 6 s.h. minimum in MUS 101, 105, 106, 113, 114 or 117
      4. Piano: 4 s.h. in MUS 101, 105, 106, 113, 114, 116 or 117; 2 s.h. in MUS 125, 127 or 129
      5. Voice: 6 s.h. minimum on principal instrument in MUS 105, 106, 107, 108 or 109
      6. Guitar: 3 s.h. on principal or secondary instrument in MUS 101, 105, 106, 113, 114, 116, or 117; 3 s.h. in MUS 127 or 128
  3. Non-Music Electives: 12 s.h.
    Select non-music electives from Arts and Sciences expanded General Education listing. The student’s course selections for General Education must include (but are not limited to) courses from English (literature course), history, religion and philosophy, art, and foreign languages.
  4. An approved minor from a department other than Music (minimum 16 s.h.): 16 s.h.
  5. Open Electives: 5 s.h.

#The foreign language/global issues graduation requirement may be fulfilled by successfully completing one of the following: 1) an intermediate foreign language requirement; 2) a General Education global issues course; 3) any major’s discipline-specific global issues course; or 4) an approved study abroad program.

†MUS 390 and MUS 391 fulfill the Writing Instruction in the Discipline (WID) graduation requirement.

Minors

Minor in Music (Liberal Arts): minimum 16 s.h.

Students must complete 1, 2, and 3.

  1. MUS 181 and 183: 3 s.h.
  2. Select 5 s.h. from MUS 390, 391, 393, 394, 397: 5 s.h.
  3. Select 8 s.h. of music electives to meet student needs and interests: 8 s.h.

A maximum of 5 s.h. of ensemble and/or applied study can be counted toward the minor.

Minor in Music Business: 17 s.h.
  1. MUS 141, 341: 4 s.h.
  2. Select 9 s.h. from MUS 180, 190, 195, 196, 394, 397, or 181 and 183: 9 s.h.
  3. Select 4 s.h. from MUS 342, 343, 344, 345, 441: 4 s.h.
Minor in Jazz Studies: 17 s.h.
  1. MUS 187, 267, 397: 6 s.h.
  2. Select 7 s.h. from MUS 167, 337, 367, 387, 487, 497: 7 s.h.
  3. Select 4 s.h. from Jazz Ensembles (MUS 117, 127, and 128) and/or Jazz Applied Study: 4 s.h.
Minor in Fine Arts Technology and Design

See Interdisciplinary Studies Minors.

Course Descriptions

MUSIC (MUS)

Ensembles: (all ensembles receive 1 s.h. credit per semester) Open to all university students by permission of instructor.

  • 101 University Orchestra
  • 102 Chamber Orchestra
  • 105 Concert Choir
  • 106 University Singers
  • 107 Vocal Jazz Ensemble
  • 108 Madrigal Singers
  • 109 Opera Workshop
  • 113 Symphonic Wind Ensemble
  • 114 Concert Band
  • 115 University Band
  • 116 University Marching Band
  • 117 Jazz Band
  • 118 Pep Band
  • 121 Brass Chamber Ensembles
  • 123 Percussion Ensemble
  • 124 Steel Band
  • 125 Accompanying
  • 126 String Chamber Ensembles
  • 127 Jazz Combo
  • 128 Guitar Ensemble
  • 129 Piano Chamber Ensembles

Applied Study: (1–4 s.h./semester, repeatable to a maximum of 10 semesters) Private, group, and class study in music performance. Prerequisite: audition and written consent of music adviser. Music majors receiving a grade of D or F in applied study on their principal instrument must reaudition for departmental acceptance. Enrollment in upper division courses (400 level) requires a C or better on the thirdsemester principal instrument applied jury including sightreading. After a student passes the principal instrument third-semester jury, applied study in the principal instrument from the fifth through eighth semester will receive upper division credit.

  • 204/404 Violin
  • 205/405 Viola
  • 206/406 Cello
  • 207/407 Bass
  • 209/409 Guitar
  • 211/411 Composition
  • 212/412 Voice
  • 214/414 Organ
  • 215/415 Piano
  • 219/419 Clarinet
  • 220/420 Saxophone
  • 221/421 Flute
  • 222/422 Oboe
  • 223/423 Bassoon
  • 224/424 Trumpet
  • 225/425 Trombone
  • 226/426 Euphonium
  • 227/427 Horn
  • 228/428 Tuba
  • 229/429 Percussion

065 Remedial Piano. (1, repeatable once) Keyboard instruction in a classroom setting for music majors.

080 Basic Musicianship Skills. (1, repeatable to 4) Development of basic musicianship skills of vocal production, reading, aural discrimination, and performance of pitch and rhythm. Does not fulfill graduation requirements in the major. Prerequisite: departmental recommendation. Graded S/U only.

100 Recital Attendance. (0) Graded S/U only. Attendance at ten music concerts/recitals per semester for satisfactory grade.

130 Introduction to Music Education. (1) An overview of music education, the types of qualifications required for licensure. Correlated public school observations.

132 String Techniques. (1) A study of the basic techniques of playing and teaching the violin, viola, cello, and bass, including arrangements for solo and string ensemble.

133 Woodwind Techniques. (1) A study of the basic techniques of playing and teaching the flute, oboe, and bassoon.

134 Woodwind Techniques. (1) A study of the basic techniques of playing, teaching, and arranging for the clarinet and saxophone.

135 Brass Techniques. (1) A study of the basic techniques of playing and teaching the trumpet, cornet, and horn.

136 Brass Techniques. (1) A study of the basic techniques of playing, teaching, and arranging for the trombone, euphonium, and tuba.

137 Percussion Techniques. (1) A study of the basic techniques of playing, teaching, and arranging for percussion instruments.

138 Vocal Techniques. (1) Development of vocal techniques and methodology for the instrumental music education major. Prerequisite: instrumental music education major.

141 Introduction to Music Business. (2) An introduction to the field of music business through a review of the various areas and careers within the music industry including music publishing, recording, merchandising, concert promotion, artist management, and arts administration.

151 Introduction to Music Therapy. (2) Definition of music as therapy; introduction to music as a therapeutic function; scope of music therapy; areas of application; professional aspects; and the role of the music therapist in the therapeutic milieu. Field observations. Course must be completed with a C or better in order to be eligible for internship (MUS 457).

157 Multicultural Percussion Techniques. (1) Students will gain historical and cultural perspective of nonsymphonic percussion instruments, learn care and maintenance for equipment, and develop fundamental percussion techniques necessary to arrange and facilitate group drumming experiences. Students will play in solo and ensemble settings. Prerequisites: MUS 151 or 130.

161 Elementary Guitar. (2) Combines beginning guitar techniques and music fundamentals.

162 Group Voice. (1, repeatable to 3) Voice instruction in a group setting.

165 Class Piano I. (1) Keyboard instruction in a classroom setting for music majors.

166 Class Piano II. (1) Keyboard instruction in a classroom setting for music majors. Prerequisite: C or better in MUS 165 or equivalent.

167 Introduction to Jazz Piano. (1) Voicing and comping (piano techniques) for jazz application. Traditional elementary voicings and voice leading applied to jazz. Structures for chord extensions in jazz performance. Piano techniques to realize harmonic notation common to jazz. Prerequisite: MUS 166 or consent of instructor.

180 Fundamentals of Music. (3) An introduction to the basic elements of music. Music reading, sightsinging, and elementary ear training. Open to general university students. Does not apply toward music major graduation credit. Not open to students who have received credit for MUS 181.

181 Theory I. (2) Techniques and materials of diatonic music. Introduction to tonal harmony through part writing, harmonization of melodies, and analysis. Corequisite: MUS 183. Three meetings each week.

182 Theory II. (2) Further studies in diatonic techniques and initial studies in chromatic techniques. Continuation of music writing skills and analysis. Prerequisite: a grade of C or above in MUS 181 and MUS 183. Corequisite: MUS 184. Three meetings each week.

183 Aural Skills I. (1) Aural Skills I studies diatonic material through sight-singing, dictation, and other exercises. Corequisite: MUS 181. Two meetings each week.

184 Aural Skills II. (1) Aural Skills II continues the study of diatonic material through sight-singing, dictation, and other exercises. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in both MUS 181 and 183. Corequisite: MUS 182. Two meetings each week.

187 Jazz Fundamentals and Theory. (1) Fundamentals of scales and chords related to jazz, performed in a lab setting. Elementary jazz harmonic practices and the rhythm section. Chord nomenclature common to jazz notation.

190 What to Listen for in Music. (3) (General Education/Fine Arts) An exploration of basic elements—rhythm, harmony, melody, texture, and form—with musical illustrations from various styles and media. Recommended for those without music background. IAI: F1 900.

195 American Popular Music. (3) (General Education/Fine Arts or Multicultural Studies) A survey of American popular music from the 19th century to the present. Includes extensive listening to representative styles and outstanding works within those styles, with discussion of historical, sociological, and musical influences. Recommended for those without music background. IAI: F1 904.

196 Music in the Rock Era. (3) (General Education/ Multicultural Studies) An introduction to popular music during the rock era as an expression of multiple cultures; an exploration of the relationship between musical style and meaning and the socio-cultural context from which the music emerges, with emphasis on cross-cultural connections.

199 (cross-listed with ARTS/BC/THEA 199) Introduction to Arts Technology and Design. (3) Introductory survey of various arts technologies and practices as applied in art, broadcasting, music, theatre, and dance. Software will cover CAD (drawing, design, drafting), image manipulation, video and audio editing. Lecture/demonstration. Course cannot be counted toward a major in Art, Broadcasting, Music, Musical Theatre, or Theatre. Not open to students with credit in ARTS/BC/THEA 199.

216 Applied Musical Theatre Voice, Lower Division. (1–4, repeatable to 8) Applied study of vocal technique and style to meet the needs of students in the BFA Musical Theatre degree program and other students interested in learning to sing in a popular style. Prerequisite: Musical Theatre major or permission of instructor.

231 Classroom Instrument Techniques. (1) The study of the basic techniques of playing, teaching, and arranging for classroom and cultural instruments.

232 Dalcroze, Kodaly, Orff in the Classroom. (3) Introduction to Dalcroze, Kodaly, and Orff approaches to American general music education. Includes materials, techniques, and arranging for individual clients and classroom combinations.

241 Practicum in Music Business. (1, repeatable to 2) A part-time practical experience in an area of the music industry. Prerequisites: MUS 141 and permission of program director.

248 Introduction to Music Recording and Production Techniques. (3) Developing an understanding of the specialized uses of microphones for recording various genres of acoustic music. Additional study on the use of mixing consoles and diverse formats of storage media. Brief introduction to digital audio editing techniques.

254 Methods and Materials in Music Therapy. (1) Acquisition of selected functional instrumental and vocal skills; basic leadership skills for therapeutic interventions involving singing, moving, playing, and improvising; basic skills in selecting and arranging music for therapy. Course must be completed with a C or better in order to be eligible for internship (MUS 457). Prerequisite or Corequisite: MUS 151.

255 Music Therapy Clinical Skills I. (1) Designing and leading music therapy interventions to achieve specific non-musical goals/objectives. Evaluating and measuring responses to music interventions. Development of clinically relevant accompanied vocal repertoire. Course must be completed with a C or better in order to be eligible for internship (MUS 457). Prerequisite: MUS 254.

258 Practicum in Music Therapy. (1, repeatable to 3) Observation of clinical music therapy followed by supervised co-lead clinical experience in music therapy in the subsequent semester. Experiences in assessment, treatment planning, implementation, documentation, and evaluation of clinical process. Discussion of clinical and professional topics in weekly seminar. 2 s.h. required in Music Therapy degree program with a C or better in both hours in order to be eligible for internship (MUS 457). Prerequisite or Corequisite: MUS 151.

261 Intermediate Guitar. (2) Combines intermediate guitar techniques and related music study.

262 Phonetics and Diction I. (2 per semester) Study of the International Phonetic Alphabet. Study of English, Italian, and Latin phonetics and diction as they apply to singing. Utilization of standard vocal literature. Attend a weekly performance lab.

263 Phonetics and Diction II. (2 per semester) Study of French and German diction and phonetics as applied to singing. Utilization of standard vocal literature. Attend a weekly performance lab.

265 Class Piano III. (1) Keyboard instruction in a classroom setting for music majors. Prerequisite: C or better in MUS 166 or equivalent. Corequisite: MUS 281.

266 Class Piano IV. (1) Keyboard instruction in a classroom setting for music majors. Prerequisite: C or better in MUS 265 or equivalent.

267 Jazz Improvisation I. (2) The elements of jazz improvisation. Listening skills, transcription, and jazz styles. Application of tonal harmonic language and scale structures to jazz improvisation. Construction of melodies utilizing voice-leading and counterpoints. Prerequisite: MUS 187.

281 Theory III. (2) Further studies in chromatic techniques. Continued music writing skills and analysis, including simple part forms. Prerequisite: a grade of C or above in both MUS 182 and MUS 184. Corequisite: MUS 283. Three meetings each week.

282 Theory IV. (2) Introduction to sonata form and the technical materials of late 19th and early 20th century music through analysis, listening, and music writing. Prerequisite: a grade of C or above in both MUS 281 and MUS 283. Corequisite: MUS 284. Three meetings each week.

283 Aural Skills III. (1) Aural Skills III studies chromatic material and modulation through sightsinging, dictation, and other exercises. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in both MUS 182 and 184. Corequisite: MUS 281. Two meetings each week.

284 Aural Skills IV. (1) Aural Skills IV studies chromatic and twentieth-century material through sightsinging, dictation, and other exercises. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in both MUS 281 and 283. Corequisite: MUS 282. Two meetings each week.

300 Music Student Teaching Review. (0, repeatable) Examination of teacher competencies and skills prior to student teaching semester. Students are reviewed in fundamental teaching skills and knowledge. Students may retest any area to achieve S grade. Prerequisites: for instrumental-general major, C or better in MUS 166; for choral-general specialization, C or better in MUS 266; C or better in MUS 282 and C or better in MUS 284. Graded S/U only.

330 Basic Conducting. (2) Introduction to basic conducting skills. Study of conducting patterns, preparatory beats, cueing, and cut-offs. Introduction to score reading and analysis. Prerequisites: MUS 282 and 284.

331 Choral Conducting. (2) A study of choral conducting, rehearsal techniques, literature, and methods as they apply to the junior and senior high school choral program. Includes conducting technique, programming, style, interpretation, analysis of advanced choral literature for large and small ensemble, festivals, contests, and concerts. Prerequisite: C or better in MUS 330.

332 Instrumental Conducting. (2) Thorough acquaintance with the art and technique of conducting as the means to achieve musical and expressive results. Preparation to assume leadership of instrumental ensembles. Prerequisite: C or better in MUS 330.

333 General Music in the Elementary/Middle School. (3) Basic music experiences as related to child development from kindergarten through middle school including methods of presentation, arranging, and use of appropriate music literature. Directed observations, field experiences. Open to music majors and minors only. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 182, 184; for choralgeneral specialization only, MUS 231-232 or consent of instructor; ENG 180 and 280.

334 Music for the Learner with Exceptionalities. (3) Information and practice in various strategies to help music teachers with the instruction of learners with exceptionalities in music classrooms. Emphasis on characteristics, Universal Design, accommodations, modifications, and assistive technologies. Discussion of Response to Intervention. Field experiences and teaching experiences. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 182, 184; ENG 180 and 280; junior/senior standing; full acceptance into teacher education program.

335 Choral Methods. (3) A study of the teaching techniques and organizational procedures of the school choral program including resource materials, rehearsal methods, and vocal pedagogy as applied to the choral ensemble. Prerequisites:MUS 166, 182, 184; ENG 180 and 280; C or better in MUS 330; full acceptance into teacher education program.

336 Instrumental Methods. (3) The theory, techniques, and problems of wind, percussion, and string instruments in relation to the organization and teaching of band and orchestra. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 182, 184; ENG 180 and 280; instrumental techniques courses or equivalent background; full acceptance into teacher education program.

337 Jazz Band Methods and Techniques. (2) A study of the organization of the school jazz band program, methods available for instructors, materials, techniques of rehearsals, and performances. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 182, 184.

341 Music Publishing. (2) A study of publishing as it relates to the music industry. Topics will include how music publishers acquire the rights to music copyrights and how they protect music copyrights from exploitation through music licensing. Prerequisite: MUS 141.

342 Music Administration. (2) A study of notfor- profit music organizations with an emphasis in symphony orchestra and opera company administration. Includes an examination of organization structure, funding, and audience development. Prerequisites: MUS 141 or consent of instructor. Participation in field trips required.

343 The Music Products Industry. (2) A study of the domestic and international music products industry. Topics will include the manufacturing, distribution, and retailing of musical instruments, print music, and accessories. Prerequisites: MUS 141 or consent of instructor. Participation in field trips required.

344 Artist Development. (2) A study of artist development and the live music industry from the perspective of the performing artist. Topics will include the performing artist’s management team, the artist-management agreement, advancing an artist’s career, touring, and concert promotion and production. Prerequisites: MUS 141 or consent of instructor.

345 The Recording Industry. (2) A study of the domestic and international recording industry. Topics will include industry structure, operations, and business and legal affairs. Both major and independent labels will be explored. Prerequisites: MUS 141 or consent of instructor.

348 Advanced Music Recording and Production Techniques. (3) Recording acoustic music and producing music from digital and analog formats using standard microphones, mixers, and storage media. Integrating acoustic music with electronic compositions. Emphasizes traditional and microcomputer editing techniques. Includes procedures for producing a final product for commercial distribution. Prerequisite: MUS 248 or consent of the instructor.

355 Music Therapy Clinical Skills II. (1) Designing and implementing music therapy interventions involving composition, improvisation, arranging, and song analysis. Review of research in music therapy clinical methods. Course must be completed with a C or better in order to be eligible for internship (MUS 457). Prerequisites: MUS 166, 281, 283, 255.

365 Keyboard Skills. (2) Development of functional skills for keyboard students of advanced level. Includes sightreading, transposition, harmonization, and improvisation. Prerequisites: MUS 182 and 266 or consent of instructor.

367 Jazz Improvisation II. (2) The elements of jazz improvisation. Listening skills, transcription, and jazz styles. Application of non-tonal harmonic language and scale structures to jazz improvisation. Construction of melodies utilizing voice-leading and counterpoint. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 182, 184, 267.

381 Analysis I. (3) Analysis of common musical forms and genres from the common practice. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 282, 284; ENG 180 and 280.

387 Jazz Arranging and Composition I. (2) The study and analysis of arranging techniques as employed in contemporary jazz with emphasis on the development of arranging and composition skills for ensembles of varied instrumentation. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 182, 184, 187.

390 European Art Music I. (3) (Global Issues) Survey of music history and analysis of musical styles and their social context. Examination of important styles and musical examples cultivated in Western civilization from the Greeks to the middle of the 18th century. Writing Instruction in the Discipline (WID) course. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 182, 184, C or better in 190; ENG 180 and 280.

391 European Art Music II. (3) (Global Issues) Continuation of MUS 390. Examination of important styles and musical examples cultivated in Europe and the U.S. from the middle of the 18th century through the 20th century. Writing Instruction in the Discipline (WID) course. Prerequisites: MUS 390; minors—consent of the instructor; ENG 180 and 280.

393 Orchestral Music. (2) Exploration of the literature for symphony orchestra from the 17th through 20th centuries. Prerequisites: ENG 180 and 280.

394 Music in World Cultures. (3) (General Education/Multicultural Studies) (Global Issues) Study of the music, dance, and instruments of the peoples of North and South America, the Caribbean, Europe, Africa, Middle East, and Asia with emphasis on non-Western cultures. Prerequisites: ENG 180 and 280. IAI: F1 903N.

395 Band/Orchestra Literature. (2) Survey of instrumental music literature appropriate to elementary, middle school, and high school band and orchestra ensembles. Application of skills acquired in instrumental techniques courses through the reading of school instrumental literature. Analysis and adaptation of music suitable for all levels. Prerequisites: one technique class from each of the following groups: MUS 132; 133/134; 135/136; 137; 330.

396 Choral Literature. (2) Study, analysis, and adaptations of the literature for elementary, middle school, and high school for like and mixed voices in choral groups. Will include both sacred and secular literature of all periods of music. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 182, 184, 232, 262, 263.

397 Jazz Survey. (3) (General Education/ Multicultural Studies) Exploration of the origins of jazz, its many forms, and its present day trends.

399 (cross-listed with ARTS/BC/THEA 399) Arts Technology and Design Practicum. (1) Guided practicum in arts technology and design. Student must be accepted into a specific practicum experience related to one area of arts technology and design. Course cannot be counted toward a major in Art, Broadcasting, Music, Musical Theatre, or Theatre. Not open to students with credit in ARTS/BC/THEA 399.

400 Independent Study. (1–3, repeatable to 6) A music project outside the regular curriculum for advanced undergraduate students. Each project under the supervision of an instructor and with permission of department chairperson. Course culminates in a written report, examination, and/or performance. Prerequisites: consent of instructor and department chairperson.

401 Honors Thesis/Recital. (3) For music department Honors students.

402 Recital Performance. (0) Public performance of a student recital of solo or solo/chamber literature approved by the student’s applied performance teacher. Prerequisite: pre-recital hearing approved by the appropriate applied area faculty. Graded S/U only, to be determined by faculty of the appropriate applied area.

403 Proseminar in Music. (1–3, repeatable to 6) Studies in selected topics in music. Prerequisite: consent of instructor and department chairperson.

416 Applied Musical Theatre Voice, Upper Division. (1–4, repeatable to 10) Applied study of vocal technique and style to meet the needs of students in the BFA Musical Theatre degree program and other students interested in learning to sing in a popular style. Prerequisite: junior Musical Theatre major or permission of instructor.

430 Marching Band Techniques. (2) The preparation of programs for the marching band. The selection and preparation of music, choreography, drill, properties, animation, and formats for the band show. Prerequisites: MUS 116, 265, 281, 283.

439 Music Teaching in the Secondary School. (3) A study of music materials, pedagogy, and techniques for the middle school and secondary school including choral, instrumental, and general music teaching. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 282, 284, 330; EIS 201 and 301; full acceptance into teacher education program.

441 Current Issues in Music Business. (2) A study of current issues in the music industry. Included will be in-depth research into the student’s area of interest and preparation for internship and employment. Prerequisites: MUS 141, 341, and senior standing.

442 Internship. (3–12, not repeatable) A onesemester internship in music business. Prerequisites: completion of all other requirements for music business and senior standing. Graded S/U only.

451 Psychology of Music I. (2) An overview of the socio-psychological aspects of music. A critical appraisal of the growth and development of musicality. Emphasis on the learning processes and psychometric evaluation. Course must be completed with a C or better in order to be eligible for internship (MUS 457). Prerequisites: 6 s.h. of psychology coursework, junior standing, or consent of instructor.

452 Psychology of Music II. (2) Application of research techniques in relation to music, music therapy, and music education. Development of APA writing style. Course must be completed with a C or better in order to be eligible for internship (MUS 457). Prerequisites: 6 s.h. of psychology coursework, junior standing, or consent of instructor.

453 Music Therapy in Medicine. (3) Theory, research, and clinical skills related to music therapy in gerontology, neurologic illness and injury, and patients in medical hospitals. Course must be completed with a C or better in order to be eligible for internship (MUS 457). Prerequisites: MUS 166, 182, 184, 255, 258; or consent of instructor.

454 Music Therapy in Development and Education. (3) Theory, research, and clinical skills related to music therapy in early intervention, special education, and developmental disabilities across the lifespan. Course must be completed with a C or better in order to be eligible for internship (MUS 457). Prerequisites: MUS 166, 182, 184, 255, 258; or consent of instructor.

455 Psychological Applications and Theories in Music Therapy. (3) Theory, research, and clinical skills related to music therapy in psychotherapy, counseling, and hospice. Music therapy program design and administration. Discussion of music in therapy and music as therapy. Development of personal philosophy of music therapy. Internship preparation. Course must be completed with a C or better in order to be eligible for internship (MUS 457). Prerequisites: MUS 166, 182, 184, 255, 258; or consent of instructor.

457 Clinical Internship in Music Therapy. (4–12, not repeatable) A six-month music therapy clinical internship in approved clinical training centers. The clinical internship is in addition to and follows the completion of the undergraduate requirements for music therapy. Prerequisite: completion of all other undergraduate requirements for music therapy major including obtaining a C or better in MUS 151, 254, 255, 258 (2 hours required), 355, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, and 458 (3 hours required).

458 Practicum in Music Therapy. (1–2, repeatable to 6) Supervised, individually led clinical experience in assessing, planning, intervening, measuring, evaluating, and documenting music therapy treatment in a variety of clinical settings. Discussion of clinical and professional topics in weekly seminar. 3 s.h. required in Music Therapy degree program with a C or better in order to be eligible for internship (MUS 457). Prerequisites: MUS 166, 182, 184; MUS 255 and 2 s.h. of MUS 258 with a C or better.

461 String Pedagogy. (1–2, repeatable to 8) A study of the methods and approaches to the teaching of strings in class and studio. Laboratory observation and teaching. Prerequisite: string principal and consent of instructor.

462 Organ Pedagogy. (1) Examination of introductory organ methods and literature for beginning organ student. Student participation in teaching experiences. Prerequisites: ENG 180 and 280; organ principal or consent of instructor.

463 Church Service Playing I. (2) Practical training in the playing of hymns and liturgy, choral and solo accompaniments. Discussion of hymnody and liturgies, selection of music for the church service. Prerequisite: organ principal or consent of instructor.

464 Church Service Playing II. (1) Advanced service playing including varied hymn accompaniments and introductions, improvisation. Prerequisite: MUS 365 or equivalent, and 463.

465 Piano Pedagogy I. (2) Introduction to the history of piano pedagogy and current learning theories. Examination of teaching methods and materials at the beginning through intermediate levels. Lecture/ discussion meetings will be complemented with student presentations. Prerequisites: MUS 182, 184; ENG 180 and 280; PSY 100 and 221; piano principal or consent of instructor.

466 Piano Pedagogy II. (2) Introduction to piano pedagogy research. Examination of teaching methods and materials for advanced and adult students. Students will be asked to complete a teaching demonstration. Prerequisite: MUS 465 or permission of instructor.

481 Counterpoint. (3) Studies in tonal counterpoint. Representative techniques and genres including invention and fugue. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 282, 284.

482 Materials of 20th Century Music. (3) Studies in 20th-century compositional practices and styles through analysis and exercises in 20th-century techniques. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 282, 284.

483 Orchestration. (3) Study of instruments and instrumentation through practical exercises. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 282, 284.

485 Techniques of Electronic Music. (3) Fundamental concepts in electronic music and classical techniques in studio work. Prerequisite: MUS 166, 182, 184.

487 Jazz Arranging and Composition II. (2) Composition techniques to include writing for the jazz orchestra in extended non-traditional formal designs. Atonal application for jazz composition, to include pan-diatonicism, polytonality, pitch class set techniques, and serial techniques. Prerequisites: MUS 387, 482, or consent of instructor.

490 Literature and Pedagogy of Wind and Percussion Instruments. (1–3, repeatable to 3) Survey of woodwind or brass or percussion literature and pedagogy considered from its historical, formal, stylistic, and aesthetic aspects. Content varies with areas of performance and expertise. Prerequisites: music major and/or consent of instructor.

491 History of American Music. (3) A history of music in America from colonial times to the present. Prerequisites: MUS 390, or 391, or consent of instructor; ENG 180 and 280.

492 String Literature. (2) History of stringed instruments and early performance practices. Performers, pedagogical treatises, and literature through the twentieth century.

493, 494 Organ Literature. (2 per semester) Survey of organ literature from the 15th century to the present time. Sequential. Prerequisites: ENG 180 and 280; organ principal or consent of instructor.

495, 496 Piano Literature I and II. (2 per semester) Survey of keyboard literature considered from its historical, formal, stylistic and aesthetic aspects. Nonsequential. Prerequisites: MUS 182, 184; ENG 180 and 280; piano principal or consent of instructor.

497 Jazz History, Selected Topics. (2, repeatable to 4) An in-depth study of selected topics from the history of jazz. Topics in this course change each time it is taught. Prerequisites: MUS 166, 182, 184, 397; consent of instructor.

499 Vocal Literature and Pedagogy. (3) Survey of vocal literature and pedagogical philosophies and techniques considered from historical and applied aspects. Includes performance/pedagogy projects of Early English/Italian repertories, German “Lieder,” French “Melodie,” English language repertory as well as other selected national and ethnic traditions. Prerequisite: vocal or piano major or consent of the instructor.