The communication sciences and disorders (CSD) undergraduate program’s initial coursework provides students with a thorough understanding of the scientific, developmental, and multicultural aspects of speech, language, and hearing. Upper division courses explore the nature, assessment, and treatment of various disorders of speech, language, and hearing, culminating in clinical practicum classes where students work directly with clients in the WIU Speech-Language-Hearing Clinic. CSD undergraduate class sizes average 30-35 students, and nearly all our graduates who qualify are admitted to the graduate program in CSD at WIU or to other institutions. CSD undergraduate students must complete general education requirements, 35 semester hours of "core courses" and nine semester hours in the major, 16 to 20 semester hours of approved minor, and electives or teacher certification course requirements for a minimum of 120 semester hours. Typically, CSD students enroll in clinical practicum for one or two semesters. While clinical experiences at most universities are reserved for graduate students, the undergraduate program at WIU takes pride in the fact that seniors will have their first clinical experience after completion of a 30 clock-hour observation program and completion of certain prerequisite courses and requirements. At the completion of the B.S. and the M.S. degrees, all CSD students meet both academic and clinical practicum requirements necessary for obtaining the Certificate of Clinical Competence from ASHA and licensure for the state of Illinois. Both ASHA and the state of Illinois also require the successful completion of a national exam and a clinical fellowship year. Students who have completed the coursework, practicum, and examinations required for Type 73 certification are eligible for employment in the schools.