Educational Administration and Supervision (2001-2002)
Department Chairperson: Charles D. Manges
Associate Graduate Faculty
The Department of Educational Administration and Supervision offers a comprehensive graduate academic program in educational leadership within which a student may earn a Master of Science in Education (M.S.Ed.) and/or an Education Specialist (Ed.S.) degree. The master's program concentrates on the general background and skills needed for entry into positions of educational leadership. Sequences at the education specialist level expand this base and add elements that contribute to continued professional growth and those required, specifically, to qualify for the position of superintendent of schools. Although two graduate degrees are offered, each program of specialization is designed as an interrelated series of planned activities.
Persons seeking Illinois administrative certification must have a minimum of two years of teaching experience. The Western Illinois University state-approved program of course work for administrative certification requires the following courses:
Persons seeking superintendent's certification must have a minimum of two years of administrative experience requiring a Type 75 Administrative Certificate or its equivalent, in addition to completing the following Western Illinois University-approved program of 34 semester hours:
Admission to candidacy in the department is contingent upon unqualified admission to the School of Graduate Studies. By the time nine semester hours of educational administration program course work at WIU have been completed, a candidate must have fulfilled all School of Graduate Studies and department admission requirements. The final decision on admission is made by the Departmental Graduate Committee.
Evaluation for admission to candidacy is based upon assessment of applicant's a) personal references; b) on-site written essay; c) grade point average requirements (information available through the department upon request); d) transcript of all undergraduate and/or graduate work; e) interview; and f) official Graduate Study Plan approved by the department.
International students must have an overall TOEFL score of at least 231 (575 paper score) with a listening comprehension score of 23 (58 paper score).
Admission and retention of students and the structure of their study programs are under the direct supervision of the assigned faculty program adviser and the Departmental Graduate Committee. The graduate committee, through the faculty program adviser, investigates candidates and evaluates their professional experience, scholastic aptitude, and personal professional characteristics that may bear upon their educational leadership potential.
Students may be admitted to pursue a graduate degree and/or fulfill the academic requirements for administrative certification. The study plan is designed by the student in consultation with an assigned department faculty adviser.
The master's degree requires the successful completion of a minimum of 32 semester hours. The education specialist degree requires a minimum of 32 semester hours beyond an acceptable master's degree. Study programs will require additional hours if both a degree and administrative certification are sought. Further, at the education specialist level, course work in excess of minimums may be necessary to eliminate Master's level deficiencies or meet prerequisite requirements.
Master of Science in Education
The Master of Science in Education (M.S.ED.) degree (education administration) requires a minimum of 32 semester hours (21 or more in educational administration from Western Illinois University) to be selected in consultation with the student's adviser. The student may choose to pursue a degree only or to also earn certification in K-12 administration.
Courses required of all M.S. Ed. degree candidates
The Education Specialist (Ed.S.) degree in educational administration requires a minimum of 32 semester hours (17 or more at the 600 level in Educational Administration) to be selected in consultation with the student's adviser. The student may choose to pursue a degree only or to also earn certification in K-12 administration.
Courses required of all Ed.S. degree candidates
Transfer of Credit: With the approval of a student's faculty program adviser, a maximum of nine semester hours of graduate credit (grade of B or better) may be transferred from an accredited institution and included in the student's degree plan. Additional semester hours may be transferred from institutions with whom Western Illinois University has a consortial agreement. In all cases, however, a majority of all course credit must be earned through courses offered by the Department of Educational Administration and Supervision, Western Illinois University.
Study programs may be selected which meet the academic requirements for a degree and/or certification for administrative positions such as subject or area supervisor, secondary department chairperson, educational media specialist, elementary school principal, secondary school principal, special education administrator, director of counseling and guidance, supervisor/director of reading, curriculum director, personnel administrator, school business manager, superintendent of schools, and community college administrator. In addition, programs which do not lead to certification may be arranged which combine course work in educational administration and another field of special interest to the student.
Administrative Certification: Students enrolled in the program who wish to qualify for administrative certification will be advised of specific requirements and study plans will be developed accordingly. Currently, the state of Illinois provides certification in four administrative areas: a) supervision, b) administration, c) school business, and d) superintendent of schools. Students interested in certification should discuss this with their faculty program adviser, the coordinator of the department graduate program, or the department chairperson.
Research Competency: Degree candidates are required to demonstrate competence in educational research at the Ed.S. level. This requires the completion of a course in research methods.
Program Planning: A member of the department faculty is appointed as the program adviser for each student upon admission to the program. Each student must complete an approved program. A graduate study plan is designed by the student in conference with the program adviser.
Once study has begun and admission to the department is approved, degree candidates will also prepare the official Degree Plan which must be approved by the department and the School of Graduate Studies.
Program guidelines and other planning materials are available from the department office.
Educational Administration and Supervision
496G Survey of Educational Law. (3) Survey of law and legal processes which impact the operation of public education in America. Emphasis will be placed on the relationships between teachers, students, administrators, and governing authorities. Not to be used in an Educational Administration and Supervision program. Prerequisites: Graduate standing.
500 Leadership Development and Self-Assessment. (3) Students will participate in a variety of self-assessment activities, simulations, and group discussions designed to provide information about and insight into effective leadership in schools.
505 School Improvement and Organizational Development. (3) Students will study school organization, the correlates of effective schools, and develop leadership skills which can cause meaningful change in education. Students will complete a self-assessment of their school, develop a school improvement plan, and participate in case studies, in-basket exercises, and simulations. Prerequisite EDAD 500 or permission of the instructor.
511 Educational Planning. (2) Purposes and processes of planning comprehensive school programs and short-range, individual projects. A variety of planning modes and analytical tools is considered, along with examples of their applicability for educational planning and problem solving. Prerequisites: Admitted to program, EDAD 500 and EDAD 505.
514 School Finance. (3) Students will develop skills in site-based budgeting and fiscal management of building budgets. While the course will review traditional sources of funding for schools (local, state, and federal) and nontraditional sources such as foundations and school/community partnerships, the major emphasis will be on budget administration and facility management. Students will complete simulations and case studies on budget/facility issues. Prerequisite: Admitted to program, EDAD 500 and EDAD 505.
517 School Law. (3) Legal context within which the public elementary and secondary schools operate. Rights and responsibilities of teachers and administrators and student rights and restrictions. General principles of school law are supplemented with pertinent provisions of the Illinois statutes and rulings in case law. Prerequisite: Admitted to program, EDAD 500 and EDAD 505.
518 Administrative Applications of Education Technology. (3) Educational applications of available and developing technology. Utilization of the microcomputer in administration and supervision is emphasized. Students having prior experience with the microcomputer, gained through a basic computer course or on-the-job use, may enroll for two semester hours. Prerequisite: Admitted to program, EDAD 500 and EDAD 505.
519 School-Community Relations. (3) Principles and practices of effective school public relations programs, development of mutual school and community understanding, public participation in planning school programs and services, cooperative activities with appropriate community groups and the relationship of school administrators and staffs with the public. Prerequisite: Admitted to program, EDAD 500 and EDAD 505.
522 Management of School Personnel. (3) Administration of professional and support personnel in local schools and school districts. Emphasis is given to needs assessment, personnel planning, recruiting, orienting, inducting, assigning, appraising, and compensating school employees. Prerequisites: Admitted to program, EDAD 500 and EDAD 505.
538 Principal as Instructional Leader. (3) Emphasis is on enabling leaders to generate the tools to assist teachers in improving instruction. Topics include school wide discipline plans, certification requirements, conferencing skills, and communication skills. Prerequisites: Admitted to program, 20 semester hours of graduate course work in Educational Administration and Supervision, including EDAD 560.
539 Leadership for Students with Special Needs. (2) Students will participate in local research activities, group discussions, and role playing situations designed to provide information about the various students with special needs in school districts, the programs and services available to these students, and the building level administrative/management programs that negatively/ positively impact the students. Prerequisites: Admitted to program, EDAD 500 and EDAD 505.
546 Administration of Adult Education. (3) Principles and techniques of organizing and administering both short- and long-term educational programs, courses, and activities for adults. Financing and publicizing programs are emphasized.
555 Internship. (2, repeatable to 4) Clinical field experience in the student's major area(s) of specialization under the supervision of a local school or school district administrator and a department faculty member. The internship requires a minimum of 50 clock hours of planned activity for each semester hour of credit. Students must file an internship application with the department by the fall deadline of September 15 for placement in the spring semester, and February 15 for placement in the fall semester. EDAD 555 is required for all candidates for the supervisory, administrative, or chief school business official endorsement to the administrative certificate. Prerequisite: Admitted to the program, completion of an approved internship application by the specified deadline, EDAD 538 with a grade of B or better, 23 semester hours of graduate course work in Educational Administration and Supervision and permission of the Department Graduate Committee.
557 Special Problems in Educational Administration. (1–4, repeatable) Students are provided opportunities to apply a problem-solving approach to the solution of specific educational problems applicable to the school setting. Degree candidates may receive credit toward program requirements only with the permission of their faculty program advisers.
558 Special Studies in Educational Administration. (1–4, repeatable) Students are provided opportunities to apply a problem-solving approach to the solution of educational problems applicable to administration in the school setting. Degree candidates may not receive credit toward program requirements. Graded S/U.
560 Supervision of Instruction. (3) Supervisory function in the elementary and secondary schools as it relates to the administrator's role in the evaluation and improvement of classroom instruction. Prerequisite: Admitted to program, 15 semester hours of graduate course work in the Educational Administration and Supervision program, including EDAD 500, EDAD 505, EDAD 517, EDAD 518, or permission of the instructor.
567 Supervision of Student Teachers. (2) Prepares teachers and administrators to supervise student teachers. Emphasis is placed on the objectives and functions of student teaching, techniques for observing and evaluating the teaching act, establishing a climate for the student teacher which encourages originality and experimentation, unit and lesson planning, conferencing techniques, and preparing written evaluations of student teacher performance. Prerequisites: EDAD 500 and 505.
571 Site Based Curriculum Planning. (3) Components of curriculum design and change; nature and function of schooling; assessment of needs; goals, objectives, and performance criteria; curriculum evaluation; and the politics of curriculum change. These elements are applied to both curriculum content and organization. Past, current, and emerging issues are examined. Prerequisite: EDAD 500 and 505 or permission of the instructor.
599 Independent Study. (1–6, repeatable) Investigation of a specific topic related to the student's major interest or area of study. A substantial written report or project is required. Reserved for students working at the master's level. Students enrolling in independent study should contact the department for special guidelines and instructions. Degree and certification candidates may receive credit toward program requirements to a maximum of six semester hours with the permission of their faculty program advisers. Prerequisite: Completion of contract and permission of the instructor.
Alternative Certification Initiative
601 The Superintendency: Facilitating a Vision of Educational Excellence. (1-6) The school superintendent is an educational leader who promotes the success of all students by facilitating the development, articulation, implementation, and stewardship of a vision of educational excellence that is shared and supported by the school community. Graded P/F. Not to be used for degree purposes. Prerequisites: Satisfactory completion of the Assessment Center, possession of an M.S. in a management field or a bachelor’s degree and the documented life experience equivalent of a master’s degree in a management field, have been employed for at least five years in a management level position, satisfactory completion of the Basic Skills component of the Illinois State Certification Test and admission into the graduate school.
602 The Superintendency: Developing a Learning Environment and Instructional Program. (1-6) The school superintendent is an educational leader who promotes the success of all students by advocating and nurturing a constantly improving learning environment and an instructional program based upon educationally sound principles of curriculum development, learning and teaching theory, and professional development. Graded P/F. Not to be used for degree purposes. Prerequisites: Successful completion of ACI 601 or demonstrated achievement of the outcomes contained in ACI 601.
603 The Superintendency: Managing the Organization. (1-6) The School superintendent is an educuational leader who promotes the success of all students by ensuring management of the organization, operations, and resources for a safe, efficient, and effective learning environment. Graded P/F. Not to be used for degree purposes. Prerequisites: Successful completion of ACI 602 or demonstrated achievement of the outcomes contained in ACI 602.
604 The Superintendency: Knowing and Understanding the Laws, Regulations and Professional Ethics. (1-6) The school superintendent is an educational leader who promotes the success of all students by understanding an applying knowledge of laws, regulations, and professional ethics related to schools and children. Graded P/F. Not to be used for degree purposes. Prerequisites: Successful completion of ACI 603 or demonstrated achievement of the outcomes contained in ACI 603.
605 The Superintendency: the Practicum. (6) Practicum experience under the supervision of a local school district administrator and a department faculty member, and is one year in length. ACI 605 is required for all candidates for alternative certification. Graded P/F. Not to be used for degree purposes. Prerequisites: Successful completion of ACI 601, 602, 603, 604 and Pase II student evaluation/portfolio, evidence of passing score on the superintendent examination of the Illinois State Certification Test, receipt of provisional certificate and permission of ACI Director(s).
Prerequisite for the following courses is a master’s degree or permission of the instructor.
600 Organizational Leadership. (3) Synthesis of the several components of the Educational Leadership Program including evolution of thought and practice in educational administration; the instructional, political and managerial roles of the educational executive; and the ethics of educational administration. Required for admission to candidacy.
617 School Law Study. (3) Selected problems and issues in school law. The case study method is used to examine relevant state and federal court decisions. Case law and state statutes are applied in assessing the legality of school district policies. Prerequisite: EDAD 517 or equivalent course.
620 Superintendent and Educational Governance. (3) Instructional, managerial, and political roles of the chief school administrator and central office staff; school district organization and governance; relationships with federal and state governments; and the role and operation of the board of education. Prerequisites: EDAD 600, EDAD 617 and EDAD 627 or equivalent courses.
622 Management of Administrative Personnel. (3) Selection, development, and appraisal of school administrators and supervisors.
623 Collective Bargaining in Education. (3) Historical development, processes, effects, and issues. Students participate in a simulated bargaining exercise which provides realistic experience in preparing for negotiations and selecting and utilizing appropriate table tactics.
627 School Business Management. (3) School district business administration policies and procedures essential to the conservation and effective utilization of funds, facilities, equipment, and personnel.
635 Educational Facilities. (3) Education facilities should support the educational program. Participants will evaluate existing facilities for program worthiness, structural barriers, handicapped accessibility, health and life safety code compliance, AHERA compliance, and structural integrity. Emphasis will be placed on remodeling of existing facilities, with some discussion on new construction.
640 The Educational Executive. (3) Theories of organizational leadership and their relevance for, and application to, schools and school districts; structural, human resources, political and symbolic approaches to leadership and change; and the development of interpersonal competence. Prerequisite: Admitted to the program, 20 semester hours of graduate course work in Educational Administration and Supervision, including EDAD 600, EDAD 617 and EDAD 627, or equivalent courses.
647 Community College Administration. (3) Organization, program development, and administration of the public, two-year community college. Current and emerging problems and issues are considered.
655 Internship. (2, repeatable to 6) Clinical field experience in the student's major area(s) of specialization under the supervision of a local school or school district administrator and a department faculty member. The internship requires a minimum of 50 clock hours of planned activity for each semester hour of credit. Students must file an internship application with the department by the fall deadline of September 15 for placement in the spring semester, and February 15 for placement in the fall semester. EDAD 655 is required for all candidates for the superintendent endorsement to the administrative certificate. Prerequisites: Admitted to program, completion of an approved internship application by the specified deadline, EDAD 620 (enrollment can be concurrent with the first semester enrollment in EDAD 655), 20 semester hours of graduate course work in educational administration and supervision, and approval of his/her adviser.
660 Instructional Leadership. (3) Current images of leadership, leadership and management practices, school culture and contexts, and professional development as they apply to instructional leadership at the school and school district levels.
671 Curriculum Theory. (3) Learning-instructional-curriculum theories, curriculum philosophies, politics of curriculum policy, and future curriculum needs in the public elementary and secondary school.
681 Research in Educational Administration. (3) Consideration of quantitative and qualitative procedures in reviewing and conducting educational research investigations. Students will consider the requirements of professional writing and prepare a research proposal or grant proposal.
682 Field Problem. (2–4, repeatable to 4)(2 for CSBO) Through a research project or field study students will demonstrate their mastery of the subject matter and their ability to integrate and synthesize it. Students will demonstrate their ability to generate new knowledge and/or to apply existing knowledge to specific practical situations. Students seeking certification as a chief school business officer register for two semester hours of credit. Prerequisites: EDAD 681, admission to candidacy in the department, and permission of the instructor.
699 Independent Study. (1–6, repeatable) Investigation of a specific topic related to the student's major interest or area of study. A substantial written report or project is required. Reserved for students working at the education specialist level. Students enrolling in independent study should contact the Department for special guidelines and instructions. Degree and certification candidates may receive credit toward program requirements to a maximum of 6 semester hours with the permission of their faculty program advisers. Prerequisite: Completion of contract and permission of the instructor.