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Updated 9/11/02.

Visual Arts

Samples of developmental stages of drawings.Almost all works of art, drawing, painting, and three-dimensional projects begin with and involve the use of lines, one of art's basic elements. Lines are the foundation of shape and form. Lines can be straight, curvy, wavy, skinny, or fat. Kellogg's (1970) investigation of children's art focused on the characteristics of line formations found in children's scribbling, drawing, painting, and clay work. Kellogg provides a comprehensive system of classifying children's art and identifying recurring forms, designs, or Gestalts (Arnheim, 1974). A basic aesthetic ability is innate in all children. Spontaneous art is the most developmentally productive, and its value is in the act rather than the product. Examples of children's visual art, following Kellogg's developmental stages (basic scribbles, diagrams, mandalas, sun humans and pictorials) are pictured on the left.

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