Tim Piper, Ed.D.

Tim Piper, Ed.D.

Associate Professor

Department: Kinesiology
Areas of Focus: Exercise Science, Strength and Conditioning
Research Areas: Strength and Conditioning, Special Populations, Exercise Psychology, Ultra-Endurance Events, Self-Directed Learning
Phone: 309-298-1981


About Me

I love teaching Exercise Science! I fell in love with training after I got my first pair of 5-pound dumbbells at age 11. I still have those dumbbells as a reminder of my humble beginnings. I have been involved in many sports over my life, including basketball, track and field, cross country, highland games, strongman, powerlifting, and Olympic weightlifting. I still compete in lifting sports while simultaneously training many athletes as head coach of the Salvation Army Lifting Team (SALT). Our motto at SALT is "Be Kind, Lift Heavy." I have been coaching for SALT since 1990 and this little gym has produced many great young men and women. The gym is drug-free for all levels and is free of charge. I run this program as a service to the community and a way to give back to those who are seeking a safe space to train.

Exploring new ideas, testing theories, questioning all we have been taught, and helping students become better critical thinkers are my main goals in my teaching. I hope to help students find their passion for exercise science and then follow the best path forward so they can become whatever their heart desires.

My students hear these phrases often.

  • Eat better, move better. This is what it boils down to for health and fitness.
  • Define and Defend. My students should be able to clearly DEFINE their ideas and then be able to DEFEND their beliefs, advice, reasoning, or exercise programming.
  • It's all about the learning. Even when students may not immediately see the direct application, I strive to make sure every single class teaches something and hopefully, every class leaves my students with some new knowledge that they can apply in the future.
  • 2021 - Recipient of the College of Education and Human Services Award for Excellence in Scholarly Activities
  • 2019 - Recipient of promotion by the World Drug Free Powerlifting Federation (WDFPF) to the level of International Marshall Referee
  • 2006 - Recipient of the Provost's Award for Excellence in University/Community Service.
  • 2006 - Recipient of the College of Education and Human Services Award for Excellence in University/Community Service.
  • 2006 - First Unit B faculty to be inducted into the WIU chapter of the Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society
Ed.D. Adult and Higher Education
Northern Illinois University
M.S. Physical Education
Emphasis: Exercise Science
Western Illinois University
B.S. Physical Education
Emphasis: Corporate Fitness
Western Illinois University
Associate of Science
Black Hawk East

Research and Publications

  • Piper, T.J. and Waller, M.A. "Power Training" (2008)
  • Waller, M.A. and Piper, T.J. "Alternative Training Methods" (2004), first printing (2006) second printing
Peer-reviewed Research
  • Piper, T.J., Weiman, M., Narvaez, M., & Piper, W.  (2023). The Effects of Elastic Band Assistance During Pull-ups.  Journal of the Australian Strength and Conditioning. 31(03), 13-21.
  • Piper, T., Radlo, S., Gerhardt, K., Brooks, D., & Schnaiter, J. (2023). The Effects of Deception on Maximal Strength, Goals, and Physical Self-Efficacy. International Journal of Strength and Conditioning, 3(1).
  • Waller, M., Bonder, I., Tangeman, M., Shim, A., Piper, T. (2023). Integration of Clean Variations, Progressions, and Application in Strength and Conditioning Programs. NSCA Coach, 10(1): 6-13.
  • Piper, T., Moore, M., & Lukkarinen, M. (2022). Descriptive Investigation of Exercise-induced Nausea and Self-Treatment. Journal of Australian Strength & Conditioning, 30(02): 16-22.
  • Piper, T., Furman, S., Smith, T., & Waller, M. (2022). Establishing Normative Data for 10RM Strength Scores in College-Aged Females. International Journal of Strength and Conditioning, 2(1):1-15.
  • Waller, M., Dunnick, D., Shim, A., Piper, T., & Townsend, R. (2021). Post-injury Training to Essential Job Demands for Firefighters. NSCA TSAC Report, 63: 30-35.
  • Piper, T.J., Furman, S.M., Smith, T.J., and Waller, M.A. (2021). Establishing Normative Data for 10RM Strength Scores in College-aged Males. International Journal of Strength and Conditioning. 1(1), 1-13.
  • Jones, Z.S., Matos, N.D., and Piper, T.J. (2020). The Overhead Squat. Journal of the Australian Strength and Conditioning. 28(07), 39-48.
  • Finney, J., Matos, N., and Piper, T.J. (2019). Fartlek Training with Personal Training Clients. NSCA Personal Training Quarterly. 6(4), 6-9.
  • Waller, M., Shim, A., and Piper, T.J. (2019). Strength and Conditioning Off-season Programming for High School Swimmers. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 41(5), 79-85.
  • Thornton, K., Piper, T.J., Allen, J. (2019). Milk – A Multi-Faceted Food. NSCA Coach, 6(3), 28-32.
  • Piper, T., Smith, T., Jeria, J., & Intrieri, R. (2018). Development of the Self-Directed Learning for Exercise Scale. International Journal of Self-Directed Learning, 15(1), 1-15. Retrieved from
  • Piper, T.J., Brees, T.N., and Helling, K. (2018). The Turkish Row. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 40(4):113-118, August 2018
  • Piper, T. J., Paulsen, T., Black, L., Brees, T., and Schulte, J. (2017). “Meniere's disease: An overview and training considerations” Strength and Conditioning Journal 39(5), 51-57.
  • Bellar, D., Murphy, K. A., Aithal, R., Davis, G. R., & Piper, T. (2017). The Effects of a 36-Hour Mixed Task Ultraendurance Race on Mucosal Immunity Markers and Pulmonary Function. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, 28(1), 10-16.
  • Ralphs, D., and Piper, T. (2106). Celiacs disease: A review for the athlete and interdisciplinary team. Strength and Conditioning Journal,38(4), 66-71.
  • Furman, S. and Piper T. (2016). An integrated approach to becoming an effective collegiate strength and conditioning intern- for the exercise science student. NSCA Coach,3(3), 24-28.
  • Etheredge, C., Marcus, L., McMillan, C., Piper, T., Davis, G., Bellar, D., ... & Glickman, E. L. (2014, May). Relationship of Temperature to Psychomotor Function During 36 Hours of Exercise without Sleep. In MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE (Vol. 46, No. 5, pp. 700-700). 530 WALNUT ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106-3621 USA: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS.
  • Bellar, D., Marcus, L., Etheredge, C., Davis, G., Judge, L. W., McMillan, C., Piper, T., & Glickman, E. L. (2014, May). Effect of 36 Hours of Sustained Exercise on Melatonin. In MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE (Vol. 46, No. 5, pp. 701-701). 530 WALNUT ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106-3621 USA: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS.
  • Marcus, L., Etheredge, C., McMillan, C., Piper, T., Bellar, D., Judge, L. W., & Glickman, E. L. (2014, May). Effect of 36 Hours of Sustained Exercise on Body Temperature. In MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE (Vol. 46, No. 5, pp. 700-700). 530 WALNUT ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106-3621 USA: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS.
  • Piper, T.J., Cole, M., Menk, D., and Schulte, J. (2014). "Infectious Meningitis: An Evidence-Based Approach to Diagnosis." The International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training,19(2): 8-13. Lukkarinen, M. and Piper, T.J. (2013). "Running of a Regional Senior Olympic Games" The International Journal of Sport and Society, 3(4), 85-90.
  • Piper, T.J., Radlo, S. Woodward, R., and Smith, T. (2012). "Dynamic balance abilities of college males for the bench press" Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(12): 3225-3229.
  • Piper, T.J., Jacobs, E. Haiduke, M, Waller, M.A., and McMillan, C.S. (2012). "Core Training Methods during Pregnancy" Strength & Conditioning Journal, 34(1): 55-62.
  • Polubinsky, R.L., Plos, J.M., Piper, T.J, and Nelson, J. (2010). "Functional vs. Structural Postural Deformities and the impact on Low Back Pain" Athletic Therapy Today 15(6): 8-14.
  • Waller, M.A., and Piper, T.J, and Miller J. (2009). "Overhead pressing power/strength movements" Strength & Conditioning Journal, 31(5): 39-49.
  • Waller, M.A., Piper, T.J., and Miller, J. (2009). "Coaching the Snatch/Clean Pulls with the High Pull Variation" Strength & Conditioning Journal, 31(3): 47-54.
  • Piletic, C. and Piper, T.J. (2005). "Including Individuals with Visual Impairments in the weight room." Strength & Conditioning Journal, 27(2):2-8.
  • Piletic, C. and Piper, T.J. (2003). "Weight Training for Individuals with Visual Impairments." Athletic Therapy Today, 8(6):53-55.
  • Waller, M.A., Piper, T.J. and Townsend, R. (2003). "Strongman Events and Program Integration" Strength & Conditioning Journal, 25(5):44-52.
  • Piper, T.J., and Teichelman, T. (2003). "Strength Training for Pre-Adolescent Students" Strategies, November/December.
  • Piper, T.J., and Teichelman, T. (2003). "Organizational and Motivational Strategies for Prepubescent Athletes" Strength & Conditioning Journal, 25(4):54-57.
  • Piper, T.J., Woelfel, K., Clark, R. (2003). "Proper Lifting and Spotting Techniques: a Model for Instructors of Athletic Training Programs". NATA News, July
  • Piper, T.J. (2002). (2002). "Playing with Plyometric for Youth Soccer" American Journal of Health and Fitness, Summer.
  • Piper, T.J., and Waller. M.A. (2001). "Variations of the Deadlift" Strength & Conditioning Journal, 23,(3):66-73.
  • Hill, S.R. and Piper, T.J. (2000). "Master Builders: Senior Strength Training" Strength & Conditioning Journal, 22,(5):49-56.
  • Piper, T.J. and Waller, M.A. (1999). "Alternatives to Expensive Equipment" Strength & Conditioning Journal, 21,(4):50-53.
  • Waller, M.A. and Piper, T.J. (1999). "Plyometrics for Personal Trainers" Strength & Conditioning Journal, 21(2):9-14.
  • Piper, T.J., and Erdmann, L.D. (1998). "A 4-Step Plyometric Program" Strength & Conditioning Journal, 20,(6):72-73.
  • Piper, T.J. and Erdmann, L.D. (1998). "Combined Weightlifting/Powerlifting Program" Strength & Conditioning Journal, 20,(6):15-19.
  • Erdmann, L.D., McMillan, C.S. and Piper, T.J. (1998). "A Model for designing a Users Friendly Fitness Class" Illinois Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, Vol. 41, Sp 98:10-15.
  • Piper, T.J. (1997). "In-Season Strength/Power Mesocycle for Women's Collegiate Volleyball" Strength & Conditioning Journal, 19,(3):21-25.