Facilities Management

Building Maintenance Safety Rules

Section 3-1 Carpenter

  1. Required
    1. Read General Safety Rules.
    2. View Proper Lifting PowerPoint presentation.
    3. View Proper Ladder Safety PowerPoint presentation.
    4. Read Machine Shop Safety rules.
    5. Work shoes/boots.
    6. Hazard Communication/Right to Know Training.
  2. Recommended
    1. Standard First Aid and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
    2. Safety work shoes/boots.
    3. Read Lockout and Tagout and view Log Out/Tag Out video.
    4. Read Vehicle Operation Safety rules.
    5. Aerial Highlift Operation Training.
    6. Asbestos Awareness Training.
  3. Always Remember
    1. Pull or bend over all projecting nails or screws on used lumber.
    2. When stacking lumber, make sure the pile has a firm, level foundation. Cross-tie the boards with spacers of uniform size which do not project.
    3. When taking lumber from a stack, remove the tiers evenly.
    4. When stacking lumber, allow ample room for passageways. Observe clearance for aisles, sprinkler heads, and doors. Do not block fire fighting equipment or fire doors.
    5. Do not slide boards through your hands; "walk" them hand over hand.
    6. When piling heavy materials in buildings, never exceed the safe load limits for the particular floor.
    7. Never stand on makeshift devices; use a ladder.
    8. Always check straight or extension ladders for broken or split rails, rungs or other defects. Report defects to attendant.
    9. Never use a defective straight or extension ladder.
    10. Ladders must be placed on a firm footing. If there is danger of a ladder moving, station someone to hold it or fasten in place.
    11. In erecting a ladder, the feet of the ladder should be kept 1/4 of the ladder length from the base of the object on which it is resting.
    12. Never stand on the top step of a stepladder or on the top two rungs of a straight or extension ladder.
    13. Extension ladders must have three feet of overlap for ladders up to 36 feet. Add one foot for each additional 10 feet.'
    14. Never lean far to the side while working on a ladder. Get down and move the ladder to the right position.
    15. Do not place a ladder in front of doors which open toward the ladder except when doors are blocked open or locked closed.
    16. Never stand in direct line with blade while cutting.
    17. Always get help when cutting large pieces of stock and never exceed the maximum operating speed marked on the blade. If the blade has no such marking, ask your supervisor for correct speed. Stand to one side to avoid being struck by chips and boards which may be thrown by the circular sawblade.
    18. Never use radial saws (DeWalt type) for ripping.
    19. When preparing to rip, always make sure that the anti-kickback dogs are working.
    20. The correct blade should be used at all times and should never extend more than 1/4" over the material.
    21. Do not crowd a saw or put your weight against the work, but keep a firm grip on the work while keeping your hands out of the line of cut.
    22. Use only table saws which have a hood guard, spreader, an anti-kickback device and a guard over the under-table portion of the saw.
    23. Keep saw blades set and sharp and the arbor nut tight.
    24. The ripping fence shall not be used as a guide when crosscutting materials. Move the fence away. Keep the work from binding between the blade and fence.
    25. Never attempt to cut stock on a table saw without the use of either a miter or tip fence.
    26. When necessary to push narrow pieces between the saw and the guide, use a push stick, keeping the hands and body out of the line of cut.
    27. If the work binds or "pinches" the band saw, never back the work away from the blade while it is in motion. Stop the machine.
    28. If the saw breaks, stand clear until it is safe to shut off power.
    29. After installing new blade, turn the upper wheel manually before starting to assure that the saw band will travel smoothly on both upper and lower wheels and through the band guides.
    30. The width of the saw band shall be as wide as the nature of the work will permit. Do not attempt to cut a small radius with a wide saw band.
    31. The blade shall not be braked to a stop too quickly. Never thrust a piece of wood against the blade to slow it.
    32. All material being worked shall be kept in firm full contact with the table at all times.
    33. Use only jointers which have a point of operation guard in good condition.
    34. Make sure that the cutter is guarded on the non-operating side.
    35. See that knives are sharp, in balance and securely fastened. See that the guide is set square with the cutter head and anchored.
    36. A jig or push block shall be used when jointing pieces less than 15 inches long. Don't use a narrow push-stick the table saw type.
    37. Material being jointed shall be held so that the hand does not protrude beyond the front edge of the work at start of cut, nor beyond the back edge of work at finish of cut, nor over the sides.
    38. Before starting the planer after service or repair, be sure that the knives are sharp and securely fastened in the heads, that the feed roll guards are in place and that the feed roll corrugations are clean and sharp.
    39. Always keep your hands away from feed rolls and, if the heads are running, never use your hand to dislodge small pieces under the heads.
    40. Do not push two or more pieces of widely different thicknesses side by side through the planer. One may be thrown back by the blades.
    41. When necessary to use a grinding wheel, be sure the guards are in place and always wear eye protection.
    42. A dirty oil stone may cause the tool to slip and result in cut fingers.
    43. Place the whetstone on a table bench or in a holder.
    44. If stone has to be held in the hand, rest one end of the stone on the rigid, nonskid surface, and keep all parts of the hand and fingers below the sharpening surface.
    45. Apply work to down-running half of disc sander.
    46. Check sandpaper to be sure it is not torn and that it adheres to sanding disc.
    47. Before using, inspect sanding belt for tears and proper adjustment of tension.
    48. Hold the work firmly to the sander.
    49. Safety shoes are recommended.
    50. Gloves should be worn when sanding rough or sharp material.
    51. Safety glasses must be worn when working with all power tools.
    52. Do not wear loose fitting clothing around moving equipment.
    53. Wear face mask when working in dusty areas.

Section 3-2 Electrician

  1. Required
    1. Read General Safety Rules.
    2. View Proper Lifting PowerPoint presentation.
    3. View Safe Ladder Safety PowerPoint presentation.
    4. Confined Spaced Entry Training.
    5. Lockout/Tagout Training.
    6. Sturdy work shoes/boots.
    7. Aerial Highlift Operation Training.
  2. Recommended
    1. Standard First Aid and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
    2. Safety shoes/boots.
    3. Asbestos Awareness Training.
    4. Read Vehicle Operation Safety Rules.
    5. Read Machine Shop Safety Rules.
Electrical Maintenance
  1. When performing maintenance and repair work, always be aware of the following:
    1. All circuits, circuit boards and conduits must be properly labeled. Report any problem right away.
    2. When replacing fuses, make sure the properly rated fuse is used.
    3. When working with equipment, etc., that cannot be repaired immediately, tagging out and locking out, in addition to cutting the power, should be a common practice.
    4. Always wear protective clothing when working with cables, never pick up a cable at a splice, and never carry an energized cable over the shoulder.
    5. Make sure the work area is dry and reasonably clean.
    6. If any chemicals are in the work area, they should be removed, especially if they are flammable.
    7. Know the location of fire extinguishers and how to use them.
    8. All tools should be in good repair and properly insulated where appropriate.
    9. If electrical tools are to be used, they should be in good operating condition and should be grounded before use.
    10. Use the proper tool for the job. If the proper tool is not available, contact a supervisor. Do not use make-shift tools.
    11. Make sure all work is performed according to National Electrical Code.
    12. Inspect all replacement parts before installation.
    13. Use common sense and never use short-cuts when performing work.
  2. Always Remember
    1. When working on one section of a substation or compartment adjacent to other sections or compartments where there are energized circuits or apparatus, the section or compartment being worked on shall be conspicuously marked with ropes and/or barriers to designate the working area.
    2. Static electricity is a hazard when pumping oil; therefore, all employees who have occasion to use oil pumping or oil filtering equipment shall be certain that all equipment is grounded or bonded.
    3. In case of trouble following storms, all wires shall be considered as being energized at the highest voltage to which the lines are subjected. They shall be handled with proper protective equipment unless and until properly grounded.
    4. When removing the tie wires on energized conductors, they shall be rolled up or cut off as they are unwound so that under no circumstances will they be long enough to reach a ground or other conductor. They should be tied in place with a plastic tie wrap or other non-conductive product.
    5. When it is necessary to obtain a working clearance on any line or apparatus, the request shall be made directly to the person having jurisdiction.
    6. A Hold Card, tag or other approved warning device shall be attached to the supporting structure at each location and in the immediate vicinity of each device that is operated to provide clearance.
    7. After de-energizing the line or apparatus and attaching Lockout/Tagout, tags, etc., to each device operated to provide clearance, the employee shall report back to the person making the request that the line or apparatus is out of service and that work may be begin.
    8. A line or apparatus shall not be put back in service, nor the Lockout/Tagout removed until so ordered by the person requesting clearance.
    9. When the work is completed, the grounds removed and all men are clear, the employee who received the clearance, or his properly authorized substitute shall report to the person having jurisdiction that the line or apparatus is ready for service.
    10. The clamps, sticks, and cable shall be raised to the working position by means of a hand-line. The conductor nearest the workman shall be grounded first, the next, nearest next, etc., until all phases have been grounded. The clamps shall be removed in the reverse order.
    11. An employee shall not open or close any switch unless absolutely certain that it is the right one. Treat all conductors and equipment as though they are energized.
    12. Switches shall be left wide open or completely closed. The operator shall make a positive check to see that all blades and arcing horns of gang-operated air break switches are in the desired position.
    13. Switches for interrupting load shall not be operated in a hesitating manner. They shall be closed by using sufficient force to make a full contact of blades with one movement and shall be opened with a quick, firm movement.
    14. Single pole disconnect switches, cutouts, and hot clamps shall not be operated except with an approved switch stick or hot line tool.
    15. A disconnect switch in series with an oil switch shall not be opened until the oil switch has been opened.
    16. When on a pole or structure, an employee shall properly secure himself before opening or closing a cutout.
    17. If any holes are left unfilled at the end of the work period, they shall be protected with substantial coverings.
    18. All persons not engaged in pole-setting operations shall keep out of the work area.
    19. No one shall be on a gin pole when it is being used to raise another pole.
    20. When setting or removing poles between or near conductors energized above 300 volts:
      1. Workmen handling the butt of the pole shall wear rubber gloves whether or not cant hooks, peaveys or slings are used.
      2. The conductors shall be de-energized, covered with protective devices, spread, or a pole guard shall be used to minimize accidental contact where the wearing of rubber gloves does not afford adequate protection.
      3. Until a pole is positively secured from moving against an energized conductor, no one shall step on or off the truck or touch any part of it without rubber gloves while standing on the ground.
      4. Ground wires shall not be attached on the pole higher than 10 feet from the ground.
    21. When pulling in or removing wires parallel to circuits or near electrical apparatus, such circuits and apparatus shall be de-energized and grounded if at all practicable.
    22. When it is not practicable to comply with 21 above, such wires being strung or removed shall be considered as energized at the highest voltage carried on the same pole or structures. Such wires shall be handled with rubber gloves and straight lines attached to the pulling end when stringing and at each end when removing. The workmen tending the payout reel, in addition to wearing rubber gloves, shall be insulated from ground if conductors are not grounded. These same precautions shall be followed when tensioning equipment is used.
    23. When wire is being strung parallel to an energized circuit, extreme care shall be used to keep it from being fouled on trees, bushes, crossarms or other objects. If the wire becomes fouled, the pulling operations should be stopped and the tension on the wire relieved before any attempt is made to clear it.
    24. Wire being strung or removed shall be kept clear of sidewalks, driveways, alleys, streets, highways, and railway tracks at all times, if possible. Where this is not possible, watchmen shall be stationed to stop or reroute pedestrians and vehicles.
    25. Wires shall not be attached to or removed from a pole until it is certain that the pole will withstand the altered strain.
    26. An employee, when going aloft, shall not attach wires to his belt or hold them in his hands, but shall use a hand line to raise them after reaching the working position on the pole or structure.
    27. Linemen's body belts and safety straps shall be of approved design and construction.
    28. Metal hooks, chains, etc., for holding tools or tape shall not be attached to body belts. Leather or other non-conducting material shall be used for this purpose.
    29. Belt bags shall not be attached closer than four inches to "D" rings.
    30. When a safety strap is in use, both snap hooks shall not be attached to the same "D" ring.
    31. Before an employee begins any work aloft, his safety strap shall be fastened securely around the supporting structure and attached to his body belt.
    32. The safety strap shall not be put around a pole above the top crossarm position. It shall not be used on pole steps, crossarm braces, insulators, insulator pins, conductors, rotted or otherwise weak crossarms or on attachments which are being moved. When it is necessary to attach to a crossarm, the safety strap shall never be placed beyond the outside crossarm attachment. It shall be so placed that it will not be cut by line equipment or twisted or fouled by material which may give way under strain.
    33. Drivers of aerial basket and ladder trucks shall be constantly alert to the fact that the vehicle has exposed equipment above the elevation of the truck cab and provide necessary traveling clearance.
    34. Drivers shall check out or test equipment according to dashboard or manufacturer's instructions.
    35. Riding in the basket while truck is traveling between locations shall not be permitted. Men may ride in the basket for short moves at the work location.
    36. Available footing for the truck wheels and outriggers shall be examined carefully to be assured of a stable setup.
    37. Before lowering stabilizers, outriggers or hydraulic jacks, the operator shall be certain there is no one in a position where he will be injured.
    38. Before moving trucks, drivers shall make sure that stabilizers, outriggers or hydraulic jacks are in the clear.
    39. The operator shall always face in the direction in which the basket is moving and he shall see that the path of the boom or basket is clear when it is being moved.
    40. Employees must not stand or sit on top or edge of the basket, or on planks placed on top of the basket or on ladders placed in the basket. Employee's feet shall be on the floor of the basket the entire time he is in it.
    41. Employees shall not belt to an adjacent pole or structure. They shall use belts provided in the baskets.
    42. An employee shall not enter or leave the basket by walking the boom unless in an emergency or equipment failure.
    43. Employees shall not transfer between the basket and a pole.
    44. No climbers shall be worn by employees in the basket.
    45. Warning devices, barriers, barricades or guard rails shall be placed to adequately protect the public and employees before manhole covers or gratings are removed or other operation is begun.
    46. These warning devices, barriers, etc., shall not be removed until the work is completed and manhole covers or gratings are replaced.
    47. All dirt removed from trenches and other excavations shall be piled a safe distance from the edge of the excavation, preferably on the side next to traffic.
    48. Where soil or other conditions are such that there is any danger of a cave-in, the side walls of the excavation shall be adequately shored.
    49. Manhole, vault and service-box covers shall always be removed and replaced by means of approved hooks or hoists.
    50. A blow torch or other open flame shall never be used to melt ice around a manhole or vault cover.
    51. Covers shall be moved out of the working area around the opening to avoid creating a tripping hazard.
    52. Before entering manholes or vaults, employees shall make sure that the enclosure is free of flammable or poisonous gases by using approved testing devices.
    53. Where there is evidence of flammable or poisonous gases, the manhole or vault shall be purged before it is entered by forcing a current of fresh air into the enclosure, then the area should be continuously ventilated with a blower and monitored for gas build-up.
    54. After the manhole or vault is purged of flammable or poisonous gases, the use of the blower should continue while work is in progress, continuous checks should be made to determine whether additional gas is accumulating. If gas is accumulating, personnel should not enter the confined space.
    55. Under no circumstances should a WIU employee enter a manhole or vault where a flammable or poisonous gas is detected and cannot be cleared by use of forced air ventilation.
    56. If there is any question regarding the flammability of a liquid found in a manhole or vault, it shall be tested. If the liquid is found to be flammable, it shall be removed by appropriate personnel, i.e., Macomb Fire Department, before work is performed in the manhole or vault.
    57. A ladder shall always be used in entering a manhole or vault. Climbing into or out of manholes or vaults by stepping on cables or hangers is forbidden.
    58. Upon first entering a manhole or vault, the employee shall make a careful inspection for unsafe conditions such as cracks or other defects in the roof, walls, floor, ducts and sumps and for evidence of sheath cracks and leaks in the cables and joints. Presence of warning signs and tags should also be observed. Any unsafe conditions found shall be reported to the proper supervisor immediately.
    59. Before any work is done on a cable, including moving thereof, it shall be identified by approved methods. If there is any doubt as to the identification, work shall not be started until it is checked and identified by the supervisor or person of authority.
    60. When cables and apparatus are taken out of service to be worked on, the procedure outlined in Part III, Section 2, shall be followed. Two men work on 440 and over volt circuits.
    61. Before taking an opening in or removing a part of the sheath or sleeve of a cable, the line shall be grounded at the first possible grounding point on each side of the work locations.
    62. When a high voltage cable is to be cut, a short section of lead and of the shielding tape, if any is completely around the cable, shall be removed and tests made with two statiscopes or other approved testing devices, to determine whether or not the cable is de-energized. If no indication of a live cable is obtained, the employee may proceed with the work.
    63. When cutting or opening joints on low voltage cables, the same procedure for high voltage cables shall be followed, except in testing. To determine whether the conductor is energized, the insulation shall be cut away to the conductor and tests made with an approved tester. On multiple conductor cables, only one conductor shall be cut into at a time and tests made on at least two conductors before proceeding with work.
    64. When lagging is removed from cable reels, the nails shall be immediately removed or pounded back and the lagging so placed that it will not create a stumbling hazard or otherwise interfere with the work or with the flow of traffic.
    65. When necessary to leave reels of cable on the street overnight, the following precautions shall be taken:
      1. They shall not be left adjacent to fire plugs or directly in front of entrances to parks, playgrounds, churches, houses, schools, etc., or on slopes.
      2. They shall be securely blocked on both sides in such a manner that children cannot move them.
      3. They shall be completely covered with lagging.
      4. They shall be adequately protected by approved warning devices.
    66. Employees shall not handle pull-wire or pulling lines within reaching distance of blocks, sheaves, winch drums and take-up reels.
    67. Pull-wire, steel pulling line or metal rodding shall not be pushed through ducts unless another employee is stationed at the other end of the run to take charge when the end appears.
    68. All employees shall stand clear of the pulling line when it is under tension.
    69. Employees shall not remain in a manhole or vault during pulling operations involving heavy pulling strains unless they can take a position clear of the pulling-line.
    70. The primary leads of a distribution transformer shall be considered energized at full voltage until both the primary and the secondary leads have been disconnected, or it has been definitely determined that the secondary circuit to which it is attached is not energized from other transformers.
    71. The cases of all transformers connected to a source of supply shall be considered as being energized at the full primary voltage unless they are adequately grounded.
    72. Employees shall not stand on or otherwise contact transformer cases while working on or near energized circuits, unless adequate protective equipment is used to cover the transformer case.
    73. Rope with metal strands or metal core shall not be used near energized conductors.
    74. Hand lines shall not be less than one-half inch Manila rope or its equivalent.
    75. Hand lines shall be carried up the pole or structure uncoiled and shall not be held in the hand while climbing.
    76. When comealongs are attached to blocks or hoists, the hooks should be taped or moused unless safety hooks are used to prevent the comealongs from failing off.
    77. Metal ratchet hoists or power pulls shall not be attached to energized circuits.
    78. Metallic hoisting lines shall not be taken above the level of conductors energized in excess of 500 volts unless special precautions are taken (such as spreading the conductors to provide greater than normal clearance).
    79. Rubber gloves and leather protectors shall be worn while working on or within falling or reaching distance of any unprotected circuit which is or may become energized above 300 volts.
      1. Making statiscope tests on cables.
      2. Operating manually controlled air break switches.
      3. Making tests for determining if lines are de-energized where such test is made without the use of hot line tools.
      4. Working on or near series street lighting circuits.
    80. When the use of rubber gloves is required, they shall be put on before the employee comes within falling or reaching distance of unprotected circuits or apparatus or those which may be energized, and they shall not be removed until the employee is entirely out of falling or reaching distance of such circuits or apparatus.
    81. Rubber gloves shall be given an air test and carefully inspected before each job.
    82. Gloves, when not in use, shall be kept in canvas bags or other approved containers and stored where they will not become damaged from sharp objects or exposed to direct sunlight. They shall never be folded while stored nor shall other objects be placed upon them.
    83. Climber spurs shall be kept sharp at all times and, when they become less than 1-1/4" in length measure on the under side, the spurs should be replaced. It is recommended that climbers with fixed gaffs be returned to the manufacturer for regaffing.
    84. Eye Protection - Safety glasses or a face shield shall be worn when soldering, grinding, drilling or performing similar operations with power tools.
    85. Hard hats are to be worn in areas designated, and when hoisting materials, working beneath other workmen and as instructed by supervision.
    86. Safety shoes or shoes approved by the supervisor shall be worn at all times.

    Section 3-4 Locksmith

    1. Required
      1. Read General Safety Rules.
      2. Read Machine Shop Safety Rules.
      3. View Proper Lifting PowerPoint presentation.
      4. View Proper Ladder Safety PowerPoint presentation.
      5. Work shoes/boots.
      6. Hazard Communication/Right to Know Training.
    2. Recommended
      1. Standard First Aid and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
      2. Safety shoes/boots.
      3. View Lock Out/Tag Out video.
      4. Read Vehicle Operation Safety Rules.
    3. Always Remember
      1. CAUTION: All grinding wheels operate at dangerous speeds.
      2. Operator shall see that the wheel turns freely and is properly mounted before operating. 
      3. See that the grinding wheel fits easily on the spindle. It is dangerous to force it on, nor should it be too loose.
      4. Washers or flange facings or compressible material shall be fitted between the wheel and its flanges. If blotting paper is used, it should not be thicker than .025 inch.
      5. After a wheel is mounted, allow it to develop full operating speed for at least one minute; meanwhile, stand to one side and out of danger. Never apply the work until this speed test has been made and the wheel has been properly dressed. Under no conditions should the wheel revolve faster than the safe R.P.M. recommended by the manufacturer, as shown on the label.
      6. Do not force work against a cold wheel, but apply it gradually, giving the wheel an opportunity to warm, thus reducing the chance of breakage. This applies to starting work in the mornings in cold rooms and to new wheels which have been stored in a cold place.
      7. Wheel dressers, except the diamond type, shall be equipped with guards over the tops of the cutters to protect flying pieces, broken cutters, or wheel particles.
      8. All wheels should be given the "ring" test before they are mounted on machines.
      9. Wheel guards and transparent chip guards shall be kept in place and in good condition while the machine is in operation.
      10. Operators shall avoid standing directly in front of grinding wheels especially when starting.
      11. Wheels loaded or clogged with metal shall not be used until dressed.
      12. Grinding wheels out of round or out of balance shall be trued before using.
      13. Gloves should not be worn while operating grinders or buffers.
      14. Dust collectors or other exhaust systems shall be in operation during grinding operations on machines so equipped.
      15. Eye protective equipment shall be worn while operating grinders, buffers or key machines.
      16. Bench and stand grinders shall be equipped with tool rests. They must not be more than one-eighth inch from stone and work must be held firmly on them.
      17. It is unsafe to adjust a work-rest while the grinding wheel is in motion. The rest may slip and break the wheel.
      18. The side of a grinding wheel shall not be used for grinding unless it is a special type wheel for that purpose.
      19. Be especially careful when grinding narrow parts, as they are apt to catch between the rest and the wheel.
      20. Operators shall keep hands away from cutters while key machines are in operation.
      21. Never attempt to hold the work under the drill by hand. Work should be clamped to the table, held in a vise, or held firmly with pliers before starting the machine.
      22. When tightening drill in chuck of drill press, remove key before starting machine. Never leave key in chuck.
      23. Use properly sharpened drills.
      24. Run the drill only at the correct speed. Forcing or feeding too fast may cause broken drills and result in serious injury.
      25. If the work should slip from clamp, never attempt to stop it with your hand. Stop the machine to make any adjustment or repair.
      26. Drills, reamers, etc., must never be forced by exerting excess pressure on the feed lever. Tools may break and cause injury.
      27. Never stand on makeshift devices. Use a ladder.
      28. Only ladders which are in good repair will be used.
      29. Never stand on the top step of a stepladder.
      30. Never leave equipment on top of stepladders.
      31. Never lean too far to the side while working on a ladder. Get down and move the ladder to the right position.
      32. Do not place a ladder in front of doors which open toward the ladder unless the doors are blocked open or locked closed.
      33. Stepladders must be opened fully before being used.
      34. Mushroomed or chipped-head chisels, punches and stamps shall not be used. All such tools should be properly dressed.
      35. Spilt or battered handles of hammers and screwdrivers shall not be used.
      36. Files and scrapers shall not be used without handles.
      37. Do not carry sharp-edged tools in your pockets unless the edges are protected in a sheath.
      38. Safety glasses, goggles or face shields must be worn for all grinding, buffing, chiseling, or chipping operations.

    Section 3-5 Painter

    1. Required
      1. Read General Safety Rules.
      2. View Proper Lifting PowerPoint presentation.
      3. Respiratory Protection Training.
      4. Work shoes/boots.
      5. Aerial Highlift Operation Training.
      6. View Safe Ladder Safety PowerPoint presentation.
      7. Hazard Communications/Right to Know Training.
    2. Recommended
      1. Standard First Aid and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
      2. View Lock Out/Tag Out video.
      3. Read Vehicle Operation Safety Rules.
    3. Always Remember
      1. Many paints, thinners, and other compounds can cause eye, skin, and lung irritation. Follow all safety precautions and use proper equipment.
      2. Petroleum based compounds and liquids are flammable. Never use these materials around an open flame. No smoking.
      3. Clean-up spills immediately. Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed skin.
      4. A respirator is required when using lacquer as catalytic epoxy. It may be necessary when working with any petroleum based product to wear a respirator.
      5. Know the location of safety and first aid supplies.
      6. Know what to do in case of fire. Know the location of fire extinguishers and how they work.
      7. Store and dispense flammable materials with great care. Keep the containers tightly closed when not in use.
      8. Dispose of rags coated with flammable material in a metal container.
      9. Never pour flammable liquids into the sanitary sewer system.
      10. Wear your approved respirator, safety glasses, and other protective equipment required for the job. To be effective, protective equipment must fit properly and be used when spraying.
      11. Take good care of your personal protective equipment, keep it clean, store it properly, inspect it frequently, and replace or repair if necessary.
      12. Carefully check the condition of all equipment before its use each day.
      13. Report all damage to and malfunctions of spraying equipment. Stop spraying operations as soon as any potentially hazardous condition arises.
      14. Be alert - check for adequate ventilation in spray booths or when spraying operations are conducted indoors or in confined spaces.
      15. Before operating electrostatic and airless painting equipment, ground the spray gun and the object to be painted.
      16. Make sure that the pressure has been released from the hose before disconnecting the gun of the airless spray equipment.
      17. Always follow the manufacturer's recommendations when cleaning spraying equipment.
      18. Never point a spray gun at any part of your body or at anyone else.
      19. When spraying:
        1. Your job can make you ill...if you do not follow the proper safety procedures and use your personal protective equipment.
        2. Chemicals affect your health when you breathe their vapors, get them on your skin, or ingest (eat) them. The breathing of excessive amounts of chemicals such as acetone, amyl acetate, alcohols, trichloroethylene, ketone, turpentine, etc., may produce effects such as drowsiness and lack of coordination. Other effects may include irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, or damage to the blood, lungs, liver and kidneys.
        3. Skin contact with these chemicals may produce irritation, rashes, and allergic reactions.
        4. The effect chemicals may have on your body depends on the type of chemical, how it is used, and the amount of time you are exposed. Know the materials you are using and the precautions you should take to avoid contact with them.
      20. Fire and explosion hazards when spraying.
        1. Most solvents such as alcohols, acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, and thinners are a fire hazard. If flammable solvents such as these are used, proper precautions must be taken to eliminate all sources of ignition, for example: smoking, open flames, cutting or welding, or electrical, mechanical, static, or friction sparks.
        2. In all spraying operations, there is danger of spontaneous combustion. This can occur if the residues from two or more types of coatings are permitted to accumulate one on top of the other in the spray booth, exhaust duct, and filters. An example of a dangerous combination is a lacquer containing nitrocellulose with a finish containing drying oils (varnishes, oil-based stains, air-drying enamels, and primers).
        3. When the spraying operation involves the use of different coating materials which might combine to ignite spontaneously, all deposits of the first material must be removed with non-spark tools from the spray area, exhaust ducts, and filters prior to using the second material.
      21. The exhaust and collective system of the spray booth must be in operation during all spraying and drying operation.
      22. The entire exhaust system of the spray booth must be cleaned regularly to maintain enough air flow within the spray area.
      23. Too high an air pressure in the spray gun can contaminate adjacent work areas and expose others to high vapor concentrations.
      24. When spraying in a confined space, you must wear a supplied-air respirator and a lifeline. There must be a standby worker to give you assistance in the event of trouble.
      25. Accident prevention-inspections of the equipment should include the following:
        1. Inspect all air and fluid hoses attached to spraying equipment for physical damage, wear, and deterioration from chemicals and solvents. The inspection of the fluid hose used with the airless spray should be particularly thorough as it is subjected to very high pressures. The paint in the hose can be shot into your body from tiny hose leaks, just as it can from the tip of the gun.
        2. Check all hose connections for leaks.
        3. The compressor for air supply should be checked to see that it is working properly.
        4. If you are working with airless spray, check to see that the spray gun and the object being coated are both grounded.
        5. To prevent electrical shock when using the electrostatic method check that:
          1. the handle of the spray gun is electrically connected to a ground by a metallic connection.
          2. All electrically conductive objects in the spraying area, including the objects being coated, are grounded.
          3. The ventilation system is in operation.
      26. You should be prepared to take the following emergency actions until medical aid can be given.
        1. Chemical burns to the skin:
          1. Quickly flood the affected area with large amounts of running water.
          2. If the victim's clothing is soaked with the chemical, get him under running water, remove the clothing, then wash off the chemical by flushing with large quantities of water.
          3. Do not use neutralizing solutions.
          4. Send someone for medical help.
        2. Chemical burns to the eyes:
          1. Flush the eye immediately with large amounts of running water. Use any available means...eye wash fountain, shower bath, hose.
          2. Continue the process for at least 15 minutes.
          3. DO NOT use boric acid or any other chemical solution or ointment.
          4. Send someone for medical help.
        3. Vapor inhalation:
          1. Put on proper breathing protective devices BEFORE you start rescue operations. Don't be a "victim" yourself.
          2. Get the victim to fresh air immediately.
          3. If the eyes and skin are contaminated, wash with large amounts of running water.
          4. Remove contaminated clothing. Send someone for medical help.

    Section 3-6 Maintenance Worker

    1. Required
      1. Read General Safety Rules.
      2. View Proper Lifting PowerPoint presentation.
      3. View Proper Ladder Safety PowerPoint presentation.
      4. Read Confined Space and view Confined Space video.
      5. Read Respiratory Protection Programs.
      6. Work shoes/boots.
    2. Recommended
      1. Standard First Aid and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
      2. View Lock Out/Tag Out video.
      3. Safety shoes/boots.
    3. Always Remember
      1. Follow state and federal guidelines when removing insulation.
      2. Always wear the appropriate protective equipment, including a respirator when it is necessary.
      3. When repairing or replacing insulation, follow state and federal guideline and installation codes.
      4. When handling hazardous material, wear/use the appropriate safety equipment, as prescribe by state and federal laws.
      5. Respiratory equipment is very important if the substance in question contains material that could be toxic to the lungs as other parts of the body.
      6. Wearing protective clothing, not wearing contact lenses in contaminated atmospheres, keeping hands away from the face, and minimizing contact with liquid and solid chemicals can help protect skin and eye contact.
      7. Personal habits such as chewing gum or tobacco, drinking, eating, or smoking on site may provide a route of entry.
      8. Avoiding physical hazards, and taking common sense precautions are important protective measures against punctured wounds.
      9. All employees must have specific training concerning the potential hazards of chemicals and how to handle these chemicals. Likewise, employees must be trained on the proper use of protective equipment.
      10. All employees must have a physical examination prior to engaging in asbestos removal.
      11. Before handling any hazardous material, proper identification of the material must be made. Once the material has been identified, then appropriate handling can be determined and a decision can be made regarding protective clothing.
      12. Protective clothing should fit properly and be in good repair. Likewise, respirators should be clean and function properly. Regular inspection should preclude the use of this equipment.
      13. Be familiar with the proper first aid treatment that is appropriate when handling various hazardous materials.
      14. Hazardous waste sites may contain numerous safety hazards such as:
        1. Holes or ditches.
        2. Precariously positioned objects, such as drains or boards that may fall.
        3. Sharp objects, such as nails, metal shards and broken glass.
        4. Slippery surfaces.
        5. Steep grades.
        6. Uneven terrain.
        7. Unstable surfaces, such as walls that may cave in and flooring that may give way.
      15. Protective equipment can impair a worker's agility, hearing and vision.
      16. Accidents involving physical hazards can directly injure workers and can create additional hazards, for example, increased chemical exposure due to damaged protective equipment, or danger of explosion caused by the mixing of chemicals.
      17. Site personnel should constantly look out for potential safety hazards.
      18. Electrical equipment used on site may pose a hazard. Use low voltage equipment with ground-fault interrupters and water-tight, corrosion-resistant connecting cables should be used on site.
      19. Heat stress is a major hazard for workers wearing protective equipment. Proper training, frequent rest periods, and fluid replacement are important.
      20. Cold exposure is also a hazard. Wear appropriate clothing and warm shelter should be available.
      21. Work around large equipment often creates excessive noise. That effects of noise can include:
        1. Workers being startled, annoyed, or distracted.
        2. Physical damage to the ear, pain, and/or temporary/permanent hearing loss.
        3. Communications interference that may increase potential hazards.